Skip to main content

Full text of "VCU magazine"

See other formats

Poverty and the precarious economv 
(pages 3-16) 

UGU maGazine 


Warren W. Brandt 


Legacy of a president 


Dorothea Dix, Social Darwinism, 
and the War on Poverty 
Democratization of society? 

Dennis M. O'Toole 


The U.S. Economy 
How sick is the patient? 

William H, Barr 


Over the Counter Drugs 
Helpful or hazardous to the 


Full moons and higher education 
A community of interest 


Did you know . . . 


Alumni Associations 

rharles B. McFee, ]r. 

VCU (Academic Division) 

Villiam H. Green, ]r. 

Hospital Administration Section 

Anna Mae Fowler 

Nursing Alumni Association 

Linda Anne Absher 

School of Social Work 


Whatever Happened To . . . 

Volume 3-Number 4-November 1974 

Copyright ©1974 
Virginia Commonwealth University 

The VCU Ml{^;azulc is published quarterly by Virginia Commonwealth University for alumni 
and friends. Office of Alumni Activities at 828 West Franklin Street, Richmond 23284. 
Telephone (804) 770-7124. 

David R. Mathis 

VISUALS: Boh loncs, Ir : cover 10: 
Phillip nownv .1-8, 15 18: 
Cjry Burns 'J, 14 17,20-24: 
Bob Hjrl: 15.19 

James L. Dunn 
director of alumni activities 

Mary Margaret Coleman 
alumni records officer 

Legacy of 
a president 

Dr. VVamn VV. Bnmdl 

Dr. Warren W. Brandt resigned 
the university presidency etfective 
October 1 of this year. In submitting 
his resignation to the Board of 
Visitors, Dr. Brandt indicated a desire 
to seek new challenges in education. 
He was VCU's first president and as 
such did much to meld two formerly 
separate institutions into what has 
become Virginia's largest university. 

During the period of search for 
a new president, the university is 
being administered by a committee 
headed by T. Edward Temple, vice- 
president for development and 
university relations. Dr. M. Pinson 
Neal, provost on the MCV Campus, 
and Dr. Francis J. Brooke, provost 
on the Academic Campus, complete 
the committee. 

In addition to the Board of Visitors' 
search committee in the form of its 
executive committee. Dr. Wyndham 
B. Blanton, Jr., Rector, has appointed 
a presidential search assistance 
committee headed by Dr. H. I. 

Dr. Brandt becomes president of 
Southern Illinois University, 
Carbondale, on December 1. 

Dr. Brandt, undeniably a leader, 
was responsible for directing the 
university through a time of 
transition in organization and during 
a period of expansion in educational 
programs, physical plant, and 
numbers and quality of faculty. 
Responding to a request from the 
VCU Miigazme, Brandt reviews his 
term as president. 

Prior to 1968, the Wayne 
Commission developed the concept 
of a new urban-oriented university 
in Richmond. It proposed the merger 
of the Medical College of Virginia 
and the Richmond Professional 
Institute to form the nucleus of this 
forward-looking academic creation. 
Following legislative action in 1968, 
it was my privilege to have the 
opportunity of being the first 
president of Virginia Commonwealth 

One of the many major tasks 
confronting this newly legislated 
idea was the creation and 
development of the structure 

required to provide the environment 
for the growth and strengthening of 
the new university. After much study 
an administrative structure was 
established which would facilitate 
the interaction necessary to the 
generation of an effective university 
rather than two separately growing 
entities with nothing in common 
other than the legislation. 

Another key element was a 
structure for university governance — 
the process by which the various 
groups, faculty, students, and 
administration share the 
responsibility for generating 
academic and student-life policy 

within the university. The University 
Assembly was created as the top 
decision-making body in the 
governance structure. During the 
following years, that body became 
the focus of the "shared 
responsibility" concept. It was a 
dynamic demonstration of the 
effectiveness of a community of 
scholars. Bringing a diversity of 
experiences and approaches to the 
conference table, the members 
engaged repeatedly in a laborious 
but highly effective process of 
learning and compromise. The results 
have served the new university well 
and offer convincing argument that 

many heads are better than one. 

At the same time departments on 
both campuses were discovering 
significant advantages of the new 
unity in the process of acquiring 
faculty. There is a general recognition 
of the advantages of being a 
university among prospective faculty. 
The importance of this fact has played 
a major role in the dramatic progress 
which has been made. Also of 
primary importance in permitting us 
to take advantage of the preceding 
point was the growth in the size of 
the student body which justified 
significant increases in the size of the 

In order to accomplish this progress, 
major increases in funding were 
required. The General Assembly 
recognized the importance of this 
new university by providing 
generous support. The result has been 
a major university providing 
outstanding service to Richmond, 
the entire Commonwealth, and the 

Research growth is directly related 
to the increase in the competence of 
the faculty. Dramatic evidence of the 
progress made was provided by the 
recent fiscal year (1973) listing of the 
top TOO institutions in the United 
States in terms of the amount 
of federal dollars supporting 
research and training. Virginia 
Commonwealth University ranked 
98th, our first entry into the top TOO 
except for an earlier year in which a 
major construction grant was 

Another anticipated result of the 
growth in size and caliber of the 
faculty and student body has been 
the introduction of dozens of new 
academic degree programs at the 
doctoral, masters, and baccalaureate 
levels. The motivation for this 
development was the desire to serve 
better the citizens of Richmond and 
Virginia. The growth made it possible 
to provide the improved service, 

A very important outcome of this 
academic broadening has been the 
creation of a more comprehensive 
university. The liberal art subjects 
may be the most dramatic example; 
however, each of the new programs 
has provided a significant step 
forward in the progress of VCU. New 
doctoral programs bring considerable 

credit to a university, but so do new, 
timely programs at the bachelor's 

While new programs are more 
readily quantifiable and often attract 
more headlines, it is impossible 
adequately to laud the progress in 
upgrading and revising which has 
occurred in almost every program 
and department on both campuses. 
A significant percentage of the total 
faculty effort over the past five years 
has been devoted to this vital 
endeavor. It has resulted in academic 
offerings which provide the students 
with the best in up-to-date content 
and approach to education. 

Little of the above could have 
been accomplished without an 
accompanying growth and 
improvement in facilities. Both 
campuses have benefited in a major 
way from the generosity and wisdom 
of the General Assembly. Master 
site planning involved the first year 
or two of the life of the university. 
Major progress in the implementation 
of these plans has demonstrated the 
effectiveness of the planning process. 
Students, faculty, and townspeople 
will benefit for decades to come from 
the efforts of the many persons who 
participated in the development and 
implementation of the Master Site 

As satisfying as all of the progress 
has been, it would have lacked 
vitality and meaning if it had not 
been for an additional factor — the 
urban commitment of everyone in 
the university. It is impossible to 
measure this commitment, to weigh 
it or count it, but it is real and it is 
impressive. It provides a special spirit 
which is an integral part of all of our 

Individually, it may show in the 
development of new programs, the 
reorientation of an old course, serving 
on a social agency board, taking a 
class into the city for a more 
meaningful education, serving 
mankind as a volunteer worker in 
one of a variety of agencies, helping 
alleviate an urban problem through 
research, participation in the 
governmental process, or any of a 
myriad of other ways. 

Institutionally, it shows the 
emphasis on continuing education. 

the Evening College program, and the 
emphasis on admission and hiring of 
minorities, to mention only a few. 

It is a commitment that draws 
students, faculty, and administration 
to Virginia Commonwealth 
University because of the atmosphere 
and excitement being created. The 
vision of those whose wisdom and 
foresight led to the creation of this 
new entity can take real pride in this 
major university located on two 
campuses in the heart of Richmond 
and serving all Virginians. 


Dorothea Dix, 

Social Darwinism, and 

the War on Poverty 

of society? 

Recent year? have Hndeniatcdh/ hroiight 
forth changes, innovatiom, and an ahnost 
endless lifting ii/ both good and had "/»>?>" 
in this counhy. Sareh, ioeial reform and its 
aiLomfhvniing h'gislation uviihi he affceted 
hy this de)no)isti'ative era. 

Thomas O. Carlton, assistant professor 
of social work at the nniversitii, responded 
to some questions posed hy the staff of the 
VCU Magazine. 

Q. When did concern for social 
legislation get under way in this 

A. Concern for social welfare and 
specific social legislation in America 
pre-dates independence, although 
terms like social welfare and public 
welfare are of recent origin. When 
the first English settlers arrived at 
Jamestown and Plymouth, they 
brought with them a system of public 
poor relief which remained in 
operation for more than 300 years 
with little change. 

Like many other systems in the 
United States, the origins of 
America's approach to social welfare 
are found in medieval England. 
Welfare historians usually look to the 
Statute of Laborers, enacted by 
Edward 111 in 134^3, as the act from 
which the administration of social 
security in the United States dates. 
Probablv the most famous welfare 

Edgar Miiu's "wasted AmeriLUni" are increasingly invisible to the non-poor. 

legislation ever passed was the act 
ot Elizabeth 1 which came into force 
in 1601. The approach embodied in 
this law continues to influence 
welfare thinking in America today. 

When the colonists arrived in 
America, they were faced with 
serious welfare problems which 
included poverty, physical and 
mental illness, dependent children, 
and dependent adults. The approach 
to social welfare problems which 
these colonists brought from England 
included: (1 ) public administration of 
relief at the local level; (2) public 
funding through taxation; (3) 
provision for broadening the 
administrative base; (4) the 
categorization of social needs; and (5) 
the doctrine that relatives were 
responsible for helping their needy 
kin. Later, residency was established 
as a condition for relief, although this 
criterion was implied in English 
legislation that dates back as far as 
1536. Wage supplementation was 
added in 17'^5 and institutions 
(poorhouse and workhouse) rounded 
out America's public response to 
welfare problems by the 19th 

It should be emphasized, therefore, 
that America has had a formal policy 
of providing for people in need at 
public expense since its founding. 
Although the colonial laws 
emphasized public assistance at the 
local level, and only for local 
inhabitants, there has been an uneven 
history of attempts to move the 
administration of public welfare 
to higher governmental levels. 
During the American Revolution, for 
example, when numerous new 
welfare problems emerged, the 
administration of public welfare 
moved from the local level to the 
state (colonial) level in New York. 
During the 19th century, Dorothea 
Dix mounted a major but 
unsuccessful campaign to move 
responsibility for services for the 
mentally ill to the federal level. 
The establishment of the 
Supplemental Security Insurance 
Program for adults, which began 
operation in January ^^^74, is the most 
recent example of this upward thrust 
in social welfare legislation. 

Q. To what extent has this initial 
movement of social reform laws 
and policies retained its original 

A. There is little doubt that some of 
the poor laws were harshly and, in 
some instances, cruelly implemented 
during the colonial period. Puritanism 
divided people into two groups — 
those who were saved and those who 
were damned. The poor laws, 
through a rude categorization of 
needs, similarly divided people into 
groups — the worthy and the 
unworthy poor, often referred to as 
the able-bodied and the 
non-able-bodied poor. This 
tendency to dichotomize need and to 
characterize individuals in terms of 
moral doctrines which overlook 
socioeconomic factors that create or 
contribute to social need tends to 
remain an important factor in 
American thinking about social 
welfare today. 

Initial efforts at social reform in 
America occurred during the 1 7th 
century, but these initial efforts did 
not occur in the public sector. 
Movement began in the private 
sector spearheaded by the Quakers 
in response to perceived excesses 
of Puritanism and ineffectual poor 
law implementation. In part, the 
Quakers developed major reform 
efforts directed toward improving 
the conditions of prisoners and 
combating slavery. 

A second major reform effort 
occurred at the end of the 
revolutionary period when 
merchants throughout the newly 
formed United States began to form 
groups to study social problems that 
affected them directly. There was 
a tendency for these merchants to 
return to England to study English 
responses to similar problems and then 
advocate English approaches in 
America. This period in social reform 
has been referred to as the period of 
merchant philanthropy. As a result 
of these early efforts, a system of 
non-sectarian private weitare 
services, unique to the American 
experience, was developed in the 
United States. Even today most 
private welfare services in Europe 
tend to be conducted under the 
auspices of religious organizations. 

Other social reform movements 
which occurred during the 19th 
century were efforts to abolish 
slavery and to reform mental 
institutions. These efforts were 
carried out largely in the private 
sector, but they had implications for 
public policy. In vetoing the Dix 
bill, which would have established 
federal responsibility for mental 
health institutions. President Franklin 
Pierce established a policy opposing 
federal intervention in social welfare 
matters which dominated the United 
States from 1854 until the Great 
Depression of the 1930's. 

The public poor relief system 
inherited from England prevailed 
empirically and stahstically until the 
Great Depression, although efforts 
at social reform continued during the 
last half of the 19th century and the 
first part of the 20th century. 
American cities developed 
Associations for Improving the 
Condition of the Poor, which were 
important indigenous institutions in 
America's developing response to 
social problems. 

Around 1 870 a group of concerned 
philanthropists founded the 
Charity Organization Society (COS) 
Movement and the Settlement 
Movement, both based, once again, 
on English models. The Charity 
Organization Society coordinated 
philanthropic efforts in order to avoid 
duplication of aid. In stressing a 
pastoral approach to social welfare, 
the COS emphasized precept and 
example and opposed all forms of 
public relief. Poverty was thought 
to be the result of character or moral 
defects and little consideration was 
given to the impact of 
industrialization and urbanization 
which was rapidly occurring in the 
United States. The COS also placed 
great emphasis on record-keeping, 
both in terms of individual cases 
and in social situations. Out ot these 
efforts emerged the casework method 
of social work. 

While the COS gave primary 
attention to the reform of individuals 
on a one-to-one basis, the 
Settlement Movement stressed the 
reform of society. In dealing with the 
large groups of immigrants who 
swelled the population of major 
cities, settlement workers, led by 

Jane Addams, spearheaded a number 
ot" social reforms which included t:he 
prohibition o|- child labor and the 
establishment of the Children's 
Bureau. The origins of social group 
work are found in the Settlement 
Movement. Both the Charity 
Organization Society and the 
Settlement Movement emphasized 
community organization approaches 
to social problem-solving, and it is 
to these two organizations that social 
work looks for its professional roots. 

Q. What are some of the earlier 
reforms on which we are still 

A. By the end of the l^th century, the 
major European countries legislated 
fundamental changes in their 
approaches to social problems. At 
the turn of this century, poverty was 
"discovered" in the United States, 
and a series of social reform 
movements began which included the 
labor movement and the woman's 
movement. Out of these movements 
came workmen's compensation laws, 
aid to widows with children, the 
Children's Bureau, the juvenile court, 
and women's suffrage. 

Although many early programs for 
mothers and children were designed 
to help the widows of naval 
personnel, such programs have 
traditionally been viewed from 
a negative perspective in America. 
This negative viewpoint is part 
of the legacy of Puritanism which 
viewed the widow with suspicion 
and condemned the unmarried 
mother outright. Social Darwinism 
and political nativism were also 
primary factors in this generally 
negative response to social problems. 

Concern for poor housing also 
grew during the 19th century along 
with the developing techniques of 
social research, and several housing 
studies were undertaken in the late 
1800's by private social agencies. 
In the 1909 Pittsburgh Study, 
however, the community survey 
approach was applied on a large 
scale for the first time in a major 
American urban center with this form 
of research coming to dominate social 
research for several generations. 

The Great Depression of the 1930's 
dramatically demonstrated that 
neither the public poor relief 

Concern for poor homing began in 
the 1800'i hu pnvijte social agencies. 

approach inherited from England nor 
private agencies were able to meet 
the social needs of an industrialized 
and urbanized society. The public 
poor relief system had been designed 
basically for an agrarian society and 
was totally unsuited to respond to the 
demands of a modern industrial 
society. Private efforts were unable 
to respond adequately to the growing 

The result of the crisis of the 1930's 
in terms of lasting social legislation 
was the Social Security Act of ]'^}5 
which was designed to curb the worst 
excesses of the free enterprise system 
by providing economic assistance 
for old age, disability, death, and 
certain other categories of need. 
This act and its subsequent 
amenciments form one of the basic 
structures for today's public social 
welfare activities in the United States. 

Embodied in these legislative 
enactments are many concepts, 
principles, and approaches which 
have survived from the poor law 
approach. The results of the poor 
law approach in America were 
universally negative and constitute 
the source of nearly all contemporary 
public assistance problems in the 
United States today. The poor law 
approach demands decentralization 
and remains localistic and agrarian 
in its concepts. It ignores urbanization, 
industrialization, and centralization. 
It is significant that the United States 
remains the only major industrial 
country in the western world which 
approaches the resolution of social 
welfare problems from a basically 
poor law stance and perspective. 

Q. During the Kennedy and 
particularly the Johnson years what 
renewed emphasis was aroused to 
bring forth legislation? 

A. In this country vvc periodically 
rediscover that poverty exists in our 
society. Such a rediscovery occurred 
during the latter part of the 1950's. 
After World War II, the American 
standard of living ascended to a level 
of affluence hitherto unknown in 
the history of mankind. Nevertheless, 
there were significant numbers of 
people who did not participate in or 
benefit from this affluence. Among 
them were migrant workers, the 
elderly, unmarried mothers, certain 
segments of youth, and minority 

groups. Edgar May called these 
people "the wasted Americans" or 
or "America's permanent poor." 

Due to the accelerating affluence in 
America, the poor were increasingly 
invisible to the non-poor. In other 
times, for example, to go from one 
side of town to another, it was often 
necessary to go through a poor 
section of the community. Today, 
however, the advent of interstate 
highways and freeways often makes 
it possible to move across a 
geographic area as large as 
metropolitan Los Angeles, which 
comprises about 450 square miles, 
without ever seeing any poverty. 

Towards the end of the 1950's a 
growing mood which began in many 
segments of American society 
recognized that serious social 
problems did exist in this country. 
That mood came into full bloom 
during the Kennedy administration 
when it was generally agreed that all 
problems were of human creation 
and therefore amenable to human 
resolution. In my opinion, the Civil 
Rights movement of the 1950's and 
early 1960's was a major force in 
bringing an awareness of social 
problems and the need for social 
reform to the American people. 
In a sense, it was a factor that 
crystallized in a determination to 
resolve lingering problems and 
prepare for a better future. In any 
event, it was more of a mood than 
anything else that characterized the 
Kennedy years. This mood 
represented a renewed sense of 
confidence and commitment and the 
belief that problems would be solved 
at home and abroad. 

lust as Hunter's book, Povcihi, led 
to the "discovery" of poverty 
at the turn of the century, 
Harrington's book Tlic Olhcy Aiuciiai 
led to its rediscovery during the early 
]9o0's. Harrington's book represented 
a non-technical report on poverty 
in America and so influenced 
President Kennedy that three days 
before his death the President gave 
his chief economic advisors the go- 
aheaci to plan an all-out war on 

The early Johnson years saw the 
transformation of the determination 
for positive change which had been 
growing since the 1 950's into a vast 

outpouring of legislation designed for 
social betterment. Among these acts 
were the Civil Rights Act of 1004, the 
Economic Opportunity Act of that 
same year, and the Model Cities Act 
of 1965. Expanded provisions tor 
social services had already been 
written into the Social Security Act 
by the amendments of 1962, and 
overnight it seemed that new 
programs came into existence across 
the land. Some of the better known 
of these programs were the Job 
Corps, Headstart, and the 
Community Action Program. If there 
was one phase that typified the War 
on Poverty it was "maximum feasible 

Q. From the standpoint of the 
profession of social work, what 
effect has the social legislation of 
the 1960's had on the human 
condition, on the welfare of the 
American people? Have conditions 
of poverty and dispair significantly 
improved in recent years? 
A. Several different problems are 
involved in your question, and they 
are difficult to answer. First, it is 
almost impossible for one individual 
to speak for the profession of social 
work. In Ruth Smalley's words, the 
underlying purpose of all social work 
effort is to release human pt^wcr in 
individuals for personal fulfillment 
ancJ social good and to release social 
power for the creation of the kinds of 
societies, social institutions, and 
social policy which make 
self-realization most possible for all 
men. To these ends, social work holds 
great respect for the worth and 
dignity of every individual and great 
concern that the indiviciual has the 
opportimity to reach his maximum 
potential as an individual and as a 
socially contributive person. 

In my opinion, the most significant 
contribution of the War on Poverty 
was that large numbers of 
disadvantaged people were included 
in the political process for the first 
time and new opportunities to 
participate in decisions that affected 
their lives and environments 
redefined their political, social, and 
economic rights. Included in this 
redefinition was the right to 
participate in making decisions that 
had to do with the allocation of 
resources for social betterment. 
Some observers believe that the 

war on poverty failed. Yet, the fact 
that large numbers of people in many 
communities across the nation — lay, 
professional, citizen, minority, 
student, and youth — became actively 
involved in making decisions which 
affect them will, in my opinion, have 
lasting impact on the human 
condition in America. The concept 
of participation has had a long history 
as an important American value. The 
fact that many previously excluded 
individuals and groups became 
involved during the 1960's makes it 
unlikely that demands to participate 
in decision-making activities will 

In terms of poverty, it is difficult 
to say much more than that the 
number of poor had been on the 
decrease over the years but is 
currently on the rise again. The 
current economic situation with its 
widespread inflation makes it difficult 
at this point to give a precise response 
to this question. Inflation, for 
example, has affected many 
previously non-poor people. It has 
had a particularly disasterous effect 
on low-income groups, and its impact 
on really poor people is traumatic. 

Poverty is a relative thing, but 
groups who were poor before the war 
on poverty remain poor today. In 
fact, if one re-reads Harrington's 
book in 1974, it is difficult in many 
respects to see that anything has 
changed significantly since the book 
first appeared in print. 

Q. Is the present trend in federal 
government that of a continuing 
commitment to social programs and 
to the well-being of the American 

A. Because of the recent changes 
which have occurred in the national 
administration, present trends in the 
federal government are unclear. It 
is clear, however, that domestic 
welfare was not a primary concern 
during the Nixon years. The Nixon 
administration actively pursued a 
policy of dismantling the war on 
poverty and bringing its many social 
programs and benefits to an end. 
Priority was instead given to foreign 
affairs. Clearly, detente with the 
Soviet Union and the People's 
Republic of China as well as the 

establishment of peace in other parts 
of the world took precedence and 
received priority attention during 
the Nixon administration. The scandal 
and confusion stemming from 
Watergate which characterized the 
last months of the Nixon 
administration did not detract from 
that administration's significant 
accomplishments in the field of 
foreign policy. 

On the other hand, for large 
numbers of Americans Watergate 
dramatically pointed out and 
underscored a growing sense of 
hopelessness and estrangement from 
government which had accelerated 
under President Johnson as a result 
of the Vietnam War. 

It is too early to tell what the stance 
of the new administration will be in 
terms of social legislation and 
commitment to social betterment. 
There is some reason for optimism. 
President Ford, for example, in his 
inaugural address noted his intention 
to be the President of all the people 
and to give domestic affairs priority 
attention. And, the President has 
stressed his support of legislation to 
establish a national health insurance 
program. What his commitments 
will mean in terms of specific 
legislation cannot fully be discerned 
at this time. About all that can be said 
is that there has been a partial 
restoration of confidence among the 
people and a return to some 


hl-IC \V|:| 

'^imi it-- foimdm'^ Iht United '-'tati^ hu I 

' poliiU of I'lo idiw^ for needy people at public 

Throughout hiilory, America ha^ pcrwdicalhi "rediscovered" the condihom. of poverl}/ lotthin her society. 

The "wur en povertii" bnnighl large nwnhen. of the di^ndva)ihi\:ed into the pflhth;il areiui for the fin^l time. 

semblance oh cooperation between 
the President and the Congress. 

Q. Where does this leave the 
unmarried mother with several 
young children? What hope can she 
derive from the government's 
commitment to her and how may 
she benefit? 
A. In January 1974, the 
Supplementary Security Income 
Program was operationalized. This 
program moved all assistance in the 
adult categories to the federal level. 
Thus, assistance tor old age and aid 
to the disabled moved to the federal 
level under the auspices of the 
Social Security Administration. Only 
Aid to the Families with Dependent 
Children (AFDC) and general relief 
were left to the states and /or 
localities. This decision was 
significant, for services and economic 
assistance to mothers and dependent 
children in need has been a 
controversial subject since long 
before the passage of the Social 
Security Act in 1 935. As you will 
recall when the first mothers' pension 
programs were proposed in the early 
part of this century, our Puritan 
heritage caused us to look upon 
widows with suspicion and unmarried 
mothers with condemnation. Help for 

mothers and dependent children has 
traditionally been a hotly debated 
topic. Today, it is this group of 
recipients that is largely labeled as 
the "unworthy poor." 

On the basis of both her experience 
and study, Hollis defined poverty in 
terms that can be applied to this 
group of needy people and families. 
AFDC recipients suffer not only 
from actual cleprivation and live in 
crowded and run-down housing 
but also from depleted energy and a 
strong sense of inferiority or lack of 
self-esteem. Nevertheless, there is 
often great sensitivity to criticism 
among this group overlaid by 
defensive hostility, denial, anci 
rejection. People receiving AFDC are 
often discouraged to the point of 
chronic depression, and they almost 
surely have an underlying sense of 
resentment and anger. They find it 
difficult to believe that caseworkers 
or other social welfare personnel 
who are well dressed, healthy, and 
well educated members of the middle 
class can respect them or be relied 
upon to help them. Motivation and 
aspiration are often present, but 
disappointment after disappointment 
and frustration after frustration have 
often forced the AFDC client to bury 
her hopes in order that she will no 

longer be vulnerable to so much pain. 

At this point it seems appropriate 
to point out that the whole host of 
programs and services under both 
public and private auspices exist for 
people in this country who are not 
poor or the recipients of public 
assistance. Unemployment insurance 
and workmen's compensation, for 
example, are available to all people 
who have a connection to the work 
force as are other benefits of the 
Social Security Program. Increasing 
numbers of middle-class and even 
upper-class people have turned to 
family and children's agencies in 
order to solve problems which 
impede social functioning. 

What is lacking in the United States 
is a systematic commitment on a 
national level to social betterment. I 
mentioned earlier that we tend in this 
country to respond to social problems 
from a basically poor law stance. 
In essence, there are two basic 
approaches to social welfare 
problems. One is known as the 
resiclual approach and holds that the 
marketplace and the family are the 
primary vehicles through which 
social needs should be met. In the 
event that the marketplace or family 
breaks down and is unable to meet 


the needs of people, the government 
steps in on an emergency basis to 
ol-fer whatever services are required. 
Once the crisis has passed, the 
government retreats. 

The developmental approach to 
social vvell^are problem solving, on the 
other hand, is motivated by 
commitment to, and a valuing of the 
importance of every individual in 
society. In short, this second approach 
holds that individuals are so 
important to the well-being of society 
as a whole that the maximum 
potential development of each 
individual cannot be left to chance. 
As a result, universal programs for 
social betterment are mounted such 
as the Children's Allowance Program 
in Canada, and the housing and 
educational programs of Great 
Britain. In the latter, for example, 
education, both public and private, 
is free from kindergarten through the 
doctoral degree. 

Q. Have schools of social work 
responded to recent trends in social 

A. Whole books could be written 
on this question, but a few 
generalizations are possible at this 
point. Over the last decade and 
continuing into the present, 
professional schools of social work 
have responded to the vast changes 
that have occurred in our society by 
substantial and substantive 
curriculum revision. In the past, 
preparation for professional practice 
tended to be organized along rather 
narrowly defined and specifically 
focused practice methods. During the 
1960's, curriculum was expanded to 
include greater attention to policy 
issues, social problems, and whole 
fields of practice. Revision of 
curriculum is a continuing process 
and even today schools of social work 
are continually responding to 
changing social problems in ways that 
reflect new knowledge and new skills 
as this information becomes 
increasingly available. At VCU, for 
example, the School of Social Work is 
contemplating a major revision in 
curriculum and will begin to consider 
the process during the current 
academic year. Emphasis on the 
development of practice skill, 
however, will continue as a primary 
component of the VCU graduate 

Mr. Carlton, cinreuth al loork on in-. 
doctoral degree, earned the M.S.XN. at the 
University of Southern California, his 
M.A. at California State University at 
Los Angeles, and his B.A. al the University 
of Califonua at Lo< Angeles. 

A lormer Peace Corps volunteer, Mr. 
Carlton has received numerous scholarships 
a)ui stipends for furthering his career and lias 
been published in professional journals such 
as Social Work. One of his specialty areas 
;■; soaal icelfare policii and iidniinistration. 

social work program. 

One of the great strengths of social 
work lies in the fact that there is no 
area of human or social need from 
which the profession is separated. As 
individual and social problems and 
needs change, social work has in the 
past (and continues in the present) 
moved into new areas of knowledge 
and practice. The value base of social 
work requires that the profession take 
a broad, dynamic view of people and 
society. Social work is not a static 
profession. Differences in individuals 
is accorded primary importance and 
highly valued. Social work views the 
person in his total situation, both as 
a personality and as a social entity. 
The major concerns of social workers 
are, and continue to be, the 
well-being of individuals and the 
well-being of society as a whole. 
This requires that efforts not only be 
directed to improve social 
functioning among individuals but 
also to improve social institutions 
and, where necessary, to facilitate 
change in the structures and the 
functions of social instituticins. 

Q. What pattern, if any, has 
developed to arouse concern for or 
satisfaction with our present social 
conscience? What will in a few years 
encourage the student to become a 
professional social worker? 

A. 1 don't think that any specitic 
pattern has developed to arouse 
concern for, or satisfaction with, 
our present social conscience except, 
perhaps, amongst today's young 
people who seem to be much more 
tolerant to difference and, in some 
respects, mcire committed to the 
democratization of society than has 
been true of young people in the past. 

In part, at least, social reform 
efforts have contributed to this 
increased democratization. The 
Supreme Court's desegregation 
decision of 1 954, for example, has 
transformed communities across the 
southern part of the United States. 
While it surel>- cannot be said that 
this decision has solved problems 
totally, recent reports do indicate 
that at least initial steps have been 
taken which will pay social dividends 
in the future. 

As to the things that encourage a 
student to become a professional 
social worker, these remain fairly 
constant. Students who matriculate 
into graduate schools of social work 
are strongly motivated by a 
deep-rooted concern for the 
well-being of people and an interest 
in contributing to the development of 
a better society for all Americans. 
These personal commitments have 
not changed over the years, and there 
is every reason to assume they will 
intensify in the future. "Bi 

Piihlu MTi'ia' )!'/)- Kie pliiinii'tl to help ovcnomc llw /Hcrei/Miiy iiiieiiiiiloinnciil mit iii thi> lOiiiih]/. 


The US. 

Hoifli sick 
is the 

By Dennis M. OToole 

In medicine, one of the first tests 
used to determine whether or not a 
patient is healthy is to take the 
patient's temperature. If the patient's 
temperature deviates too much from 
•-^S.o degrees, it is a signal that 
something might be wrong. 
Economists, like medical doctors, use 
a number of measures such as body 
temperature to ascertain the health 
of an economy. Three of the most 
important measures of performance 
are: (1) the rate at which consumer 
prices are changing, (2) the 
unemployment rate, and (3) the 
growth in real Gross National 

Economists measure a number of 
prices, but the index that is most 
relevant to the average person is the 
Consumer Price Index (CPI). The 
CPl measures changes in the ax'erage 
price of a representative sample of 
approximately 400 goods and 
services purchased by typical wage 
earners in urban areas in the United 
States. The CPI cox'crs the prices of 
everything from beer and pretzels to 
tennis rackets and relates them to a 
given base year. For example, the 
CPI at the end of August 1074, was 
150.2 using I'^o^ as the base year. A 
CPI ot 150.2 means that the average 
price of the 400 marketbasket items 
had increased by 50.2 percent above 
the prices of the same items in 1967. 

An increase in the CPI of 2 to 3 
percent per year, such as occurred in 
the 1'350's and l^oO's in the United 
States is usually called rrcc/'ii/x 
iiilliihoii. A number of economists 
believe that a small amount of 
creeping inflation is necessary to 
stimulate growth in an ecc^nomy. 
However, double-digit inflation of 


10 percent and above is often called 
^nllopitis inflntion and can have serious 
effects on an economic system. 

A second standard economists use 
to judge the health of the economy 
is the employment level. In the early 
1960's, Dr. Walter Heller, chairman 
of President Kennedy's Council of 
Economic Advisors, considered 96 
percent employment of the labor 
force (or 4 percent unemployment) 
as "full employment." Today, 
however, several economists have 
argued that the structure of the 
labor force has changed and 05.5 
percent employment should be 
considered as "full employment." 
Since there are approximately ^o 
million people in the civilian labor 
force, a change from 4 to 4.5 
percent as an acceptable level of 
unemployment means that 450,000 
more people would be unemployed 
before any government action is 

A third measure that can be used 
to judge the performance of the 
economy is the change in the rate of 
growth in real Gross National 
Product (GNP). Changes in real 
GNP are different, from changes in 
money GNP. Money GNP may 
increase because prices have 
increased, but real GNP measures 
the changes in actual goods and 
services when price changes have 
been eliminated. If real GNP is 
growing at less than 4 percent per 
year annual rate, unemployment 
tends to rise. It takes a 4 percent 
increase in real GNP to have 
enough jobs for all new entrants 
into the labor force and to cover 
productivity gains. A drop in real 
GNP for two consecutive quarters 
of the year is officially defined as a 

from healthy. The consumer price 
index has increased almost 1 I 
percent from the second quarter of 
1973 to the second quarter of I074. 
Preliminary consumer price index 
data for the third quarter of 1974 
suggests a continuation of a high 
rate of inflation. Like a temperature, 
the rate of inflation signals that 
something is wrong, but doesn't 
signify what the problem is. The 
current inflation has many causes, 
but it is helpful to categorize them 
into three main aspects. 

The first aspect concerns recent 
extraordinary events such as 
disastroiis crop failures, oil 
embargoes, and dollar devaluations. 
If we are lucky, these extraordinary 
events will normally occur at 
different times, but in the last few 
years, they have all occurred 
simultaneously. Some experts, such 
as Secretary of the Treasury William 
E. Simon, believe these events are 
responsible for a considerable 
portion of the present inflation. 
From an economic standpoint, little 
can be done to prevent most of 
these extraordinary events; 
economic policymakers can do little 
to remedy such events. 

The second aspect of the present 
inflation may be described as 
danawd-pull During 1^72 and the 
first quarter of 1973, the American 
economy grew at high rates. These 
relatively high growth rates coupled 
with artifically low wage-price 
controls put huge demands on certain 
sectors of the economy such as 
paper, cement, nonferrous metals, 
rubber, and chemicals. Since these 
sectors were already operating at 
capacity and sought additional 
profits in order to expand their 
firms, large price increases in these 
areas were not uncommon. Many 






-isumer Price 


rate (Percent) 





Index(I0c7= 100) 

1st Quarter 1073 




2nd Quarter 1073 



1 3 1 .5 

3rd Quarter 1973 




4th Quarter 1973 




1st Quarter 1974 




2nd Quarter 1974 




The figures in Table I indicate 
that the American economy is/(» 

economists feel that the demand- 
pull aspect of the current inflation 
was also intensified by years of 

government deficits and hiige 
increases in the money supply 
during 1971, I072, and part of 1073. 
When demand-pull inflation occurs, 
economic policymakers have the 
greatest chance of reducing the rate 
of inflation. 

The third aspect of the present 
inflation is inflationary expectations. 
Inflationary expectations consist of 
an attitude among consumers, 
workers, and businessmen that the 
rate of inflation is constantly getting 
worse and that as a consequence 
wages and prices must be raised 
accordingly, regardless of 
productivity. However, in the 
aggregate, increases in wages mean 
nothing unless there has been an 
increase in productivity. For 
example, if total wages increased by 
10 percent but total output stayed 
the same, it would mean that there 
would be more money to buy the 
same number of goods and services. 
Prices would have to be raised to 
ration the available goods and 
services. Inflationary expectations 
can greatly aggravate the rate of 
inflation in highly monopolized 
industries where labor and 
management have enough market 
power to control wages and prices 
without having to adhere to market 
forces. For instance, assume that 
labor and management in the 
automobile industry are able to 
control wages and prices. Workers 
facing higher consumer prices 
bargain for wage increases which are 
higher than their output. 
Management facing higher unit 
labor costs reduce the supply of 
automobiles in order to increase the 
automobile price in an attempt to 
maintain profits. Thus, this type of 
inflation can occur even though the 
demand for automobiles has been 

Price and wage increases in highly 
concentrated sectors are usually 
described as LOft-pn>li mtlation^ Most 
economists suspect that cost-push 
inflation will be a strong force in 
keeping upward pressure on prices 
during 1074. For example, 
compensation per man hour surged 
at a 14.2 percent seasonally adjusted 
annual rate during the second 
quarter of 1974 which was more 
than double the o.4 percent rate of 


the first quarter of 1074 Since 
productivity during the second 
quarter of 1^74 did not increase 
anywhere near 14.2 percent, the 
higher wages in noncompetitive 
sectors will have to be passed on in 
the form of higher prices. 
Traditional economic policies have 
proven to be somewhat effcctixc in 
reducing inflationary expectations in 
competitive sectors, but have had 
very little success as a remedy for 
reducing the rate of cost-push 
inflation in highly monopolized 

Although the data in Table I 
indicates that the unemployment 
rate for the second quarter of I'-^74 

has declined from the first quarter, 
more recent figures indicate that the 
unemplciyment rate is creeping 
upward. The unemployment rate for 
August 1074, reached 5.4 percent 

A}}icriLii)i Ciivuv)!}/ is 
far from healthy. 

and is expected to go as high as o 
percent by the end of 1^74. The 
unemployment rate is especially 
high for the young (three times the 
national rate), the unskilled, and the 
minorities (about double the 
national rate). As unemployment 

creeps upward, these will be the 
groups most hurt. 

The figures pertaining to real 
growth in Table 1 confirm the fact 
that the United States has officially 
had a recession in 1074. Real growth 
in CNP has declined for two 
consecutive quarters of the year. 
The economy should come out of 
the recession by the end of l'-^74. 
but it is very possible that there will 
be zero real growth in GNP for the 
entire 1'374 calendar year. Any 
attempts by economic policymakers 
to increase real growth diiring I ^''■'4 
will probably intensify inflationary 



The diagnosis reveals that the 
United States economy is suffering 
from two simultaneous 
diseases — inflation and recession. 
The recession is basically the result 
of medicine that was applied during 
1973 in an attempt to remedy the 
demand-pull aspect of inflation. 
However, there was a time lag 
between the time the medicine was 
taken and the time the effects 
became visible. The medicine 
contained two main ingredients: ( 1 ) 
a sharp slowdown in money supply 
by the Federal Reserve Bank, and (2) 
a reduction in the growth of real 
government spending. The medicine 
had very noticeable effects on both 
long- and short-term interest rates. 
These high interest rates in turn 
were partly responsible for sizable 
reductions in (1) residential 
construction, (2) new car sales, and 
(3) sales of other durable goods such 
as refrigerators, stoves, carpets, and 

If the medicine for inflation has 
been administered, why do we still 
have the disease? There are several 
reasons. First, the medicine must be 
taken for a longer period. The 
expectation aspect of inflation can 
be effectively dampened in the 
competitive sector only through 
experience with lower rates of 
inflation. Siich lower rates can be 
achieved only by creating enough 
slack in the economy so that prices 
cease rising as rapdily as expected. 
Dr. Otto Eckstein, a member of 
President lohnson's Council of 
Economic Advisors, calculated 
that it would take 8 percent 
unemployment for two full years to 
get the rate of price increases down 
to 4 percent a year. Recognizing 
that inflation is the number one 
problem, indications are that the 
government does plan to renew the 
prescription for a long period of 
time. The increased unemployment 
is substantiated by the fact that 
some 800,000 public service jobs are 
planned for unemployed workers. 

The second reason the treatment 
has not substantially reduced the 
rate of inflation is that it was 
prescribed mainly to remedy the 
demand-pull aspect of inflation. 
Previous experiences with the 

treatment have not shown it to be 
effective against the extraordinary 
events the the cost-push aspects of 
inflation. The recession cioes seem to 
provicie evidence tha' the metiicine 
has been effective in relieving 
demand-pull pressures in certain 
economic sectors. Recently 

Two bwiuhancoub dibcases — 
uiflatioi mid reccssmi 

economic policymakers have added 
some new ingredients to the old 
medicine to try and reduce the cost- 
push aspect of inflation. The 
monitoring agency which President 
Ford established tci watch for and 
announce to the public unusual price 
and wage increases was one of these 

The third reason inflation still 
exists even though the medicine 
has been applied is that the 

policymakers must be especially 
careful about the strength of the 
dosage that is being administered. If 
the dosage to heal inflation becomes 
too strong, it could turn a small 
recession into a world-wide 
depression. Thus, economic 
policymakers must be vary cautious 
in their dosage so that curing one 
disease does not lead to an even 
more serious one. 

In conclusion, economic 
policymakers are working on the 
medicine to reduce inflation without 
causing a serious recession. The 
medicine will be impleasant tasting 
in that consumers, businessmen, and 
governments will have to make 
sacrifices in order to keep prices and 
wages down. If the medicine is 
taken for a long enough period, the 
rate of inflation can be reduced and 
eventually cured, ^^ 

Damh M. OToolc, assistant professor 
of eco)io»}iis, is i)i ihiiumd as a speaker for 
hi> interpretative siiivey of the field of 
eeoiumiiis. Through his capaeity as 
exeeiitive vice-president of the Virginia 
Council on Economic Education and 
through numerous publications, he has 

brought a discernible ecouo)nics to students, 
housewives, busiiwss leaders, ami fellow 

Dr. OToole earned his B.A. degree at 
the C(i//(\Y of William and Mam. the 
M.S. at' veil and the Ph.D. at Ohio 


' -«»^;4'* 


Over the Counter Drugs 

f Helpfnlsr 

^ hazardous to 









By William H. Barr 

Selt'-medication with non- 
prescription drugs — or "Over the 
Counter" products as they are often 
called — has been a traditional part of 
therapy since the days of the 
traveling medicine man, snake oil, 
and patent medicines. 

The self-medicating public spends 
in excess of $1 billion each year for 
these "Over the Counter" (OTC) 
products. Over 1,000 different 
products are commonly available to 
treat conditions ranging from 
headaches to athlete's foot and 
diaper rash to poison ivy. Madison 
Avenue has even createc4 a few new 
symptoms to be treated such as 
"tired blood" and the "blahs." The 
total number of OTC prodiicts on 
the market has been estimated to be 
from 100,000 to 300,000. 

There is no doubt that many 
OTC products serve a useful 
purpose. It has been estimated that 
if these products were not available 
for symptomatic treatment of colds, 
allergy, and minor aches and pains, 
the nation's health care system 
would be inimdated by essentially 
well people seeking relief for minor, 
self-limiting conditions. Americans 
suffer cough and cold symptoms 
alone about 500 million times a 
year. The overall loss to the 
economy from these symptoms has 
been estimated to be about $5 
billion annually. 

An understanding of currcnl: 
controls and present knowledge 
concerning OTC drugs is quite 
valuable to the consumer in 
obtaining the maximum benefits 
of these products. 

There is now concern by several 
governmental, professional, and 
consumer groups that not all OTC 
products on the market arc 
effective, safe, or properly 
advertised. Reform of several 
antiquated and illogical distinctions 
between prescription drugs and 
OTC drugs is needed. Prescription 
drugs are promoted only to the 
highly trained medical commLinity. 
Manufacturers are required to 
submit evidence to the federal Food 
and Drug Administration (FPA) to 
prove efficacy and safety of these 
products. All ingreciients and 
amounts must be clearlv labeled. 

Adxertising claims are carefully 
monitored by the FDA. In contrast, 
OTC drugs which are selected by 
the less sophisticated laity for self- 
diagnosed ailments have generally 
been reqLiired to establish safety, 
but not necessarily effectiveness, 
OTC drugs marketed prior to the 
I '•''38 drug legislation were 
exempted from even showing 
evidence of safety. In ^'^62 when 
the Kefauver-F^arris amendments 
were passed, these drugs were 
"grandfathered," excusing them from 
proof of effectiveness and safety. 
The actual quantity of each active 
ingredient in the product has not 
been required to appear on the label 
of OTC products. Advertising claims 
are monitored retrospectively by the 
Federal Trade Commission which 
has a limited staff of medical and 
pharmaceutical experts. As a result, 
advertising claims for products and 
the actual effectiveness of the 
products have often been worlds 

In some cases manufacturers have 
added effective prescription drugs to 
their OTC products, but in order to 
assure that the safety requirements 
are met, the amounts added are 
below the therapeutic levels usually 
found in prescription drugs. Thus 
the product may not be effective 
when taken according to the labeled 
dosage schedule. Since the amounts 
of ingredients are considered a trade 
secret by some companies, even 
professionally trained persons are 
prevented from determining the 
value of these products. In 1907 the 
American Pharmaceutical 
Association initiated publication of 
an OTC handbook for pharmacists 
to aid them in advising their 
clientele on the rational selection of 
OTC drugs. Several manufacturers 
refused to give quantitative 
information on the ingredients used 
in their products. 

Some proprietary manufacturers 
have vigorously defended the 
"patent medication" concept in 
which the trade name is piirchased 
and not the ingredients. Many 
products have maintained the same 
trade name even though the type 
and amount of drugs have changed. 

One marketed trade name product 
for pain originally contained a 
specific ingredient, salicylamide, in a 
therapeutically ineffective amount. 
The same trade name is now used 
for a tablet which contains aspirin 
and a liquid which contains a third 
specific drug, acetaminophen. The 
types of patients who may be 
allergic or susceptible to adverse 
effects are different for each of 
these drugs which bear the same 
trade name. 

The extent to which some 
manufacturers have attempted to 
disguise the identity of the 
ingredients in their proeiucts is 
exemplified by trick phrases such 
as — "our product contains more of 
the pain reliever that doctors 
recommend most." The ingredient is 
simply aspirin. Considering that the 
cost of prime-time television 
advertising is now about $25 thou- 
sand for each 60-second spot, 
thousands of dollars have been 
spent for advertising time by using a 
xague phrase instead of a single 
imambiguous word such as aspirin. 
This is indicative of the dollar value 
that some advertising executives 
place on ambiguity. ObvioLisly, to 
say a product has 20 per cent more 
aspirin when the product cost 200 
percent more than standard aspirin 
products would not give a 
marketing advantage to a 

The FnA has recently initiated a 
mammoth program to review the 
safety and efficacy of all OTC 
products. Twenty-five panels, each 
consisting of medical scientists, 
physicians, pharmacists, and 
representatives of manufacturers and 
consumer organizations, will re\'iew 
the world literature, manufacturers" 
reports, and testimony of experts. 
They will then recommend products 
which should be removed from the 
OTC market and the labeling that 
each acceptable product must bear. 
This labeling will be extremely 
important to the consumer. 
High Risk Groups 
Some OTC products are quite 
safe for the general public but may 
be unsafe or even lethal to certain 
individuals. Susceptible individuals 
may often be grouped into "high 
risk categories" by certain 
Conlinued on Piige 1 7 



Annual Fund Report 

The financial support for Virginia Common- 
wealth University received through the 
Annual Fund has helped in a significant way to 
permit funding of special projects. Innovative 
educational projects, new programs, and ongoing 
activities have been supported by gifts to the 
1973-74 Annual Fund. 

As this report indicates, many individuals and 
groups have contributed financial support to the 
Virginia Commonwealth University Annual Fund. 
The administration, deans, and faculty of the 
university join in expressing gratitude to those who 
have elected to make a financial contribution to 
help achieve the educational goals of VCU. 

During the inflationary months of the 1973-74 

fund year, when great strains were placed on all 
available dollars, it has been gratifying to have 
the benefit of monies contributed by those who 
studied here, by those who work here, and by 
friends of the university. Often these dollars meant 
the difference between being good and being 
better or best. 

Costs continued to spiral upward. At the same 
time, the need for new and innovative educational 
programs continues to accelerate. During the 
1974-75 fund year, VCU will continue to experience 
greater needs from those who share concern for 
higher education in general and VCU in particular. 
There is a great confidence that increased support 
from loyal alumni and friends will help the 
university continue its progress toward its goals. 

Every effort has been made to insure ttie accuracy of the T973-74 Annual Fund Report. If, through oversight or omission, errors occur, 
it would be greatly appreciated if they are brought to the attention of the fund office. 

The VCU Annual Fund, 1973-74, exceeded 
the previous years fund by 50 percent. In addition 
to showing growth in the amount contributed, 
there was also a significant increase in the number 
of contributors. 

Eighty-nine percent of the contributors to the 
Annual Fund were alumni — those who studied 
at the former Richmond Professional Institute, the 
Medical College of Virginia, or VCU. Alumni gifts 
amounted to 58 percent of the total contributed 
to the Annual Fund. Friends of the university and 
members of the Board of Visitors contributed 4 
percent of the total and accounted for 2 percent 
of the contributors. Members of the university 

faculty, administration, and staff m"ade up 7 
percent of the contributors and contributed 8 
percent of the total fund. Special gifts (which 
include contributions received from matching 
grant programs of alumni employers), 
contributions from groups, and certain corporate 
contributions, amounted to 30 percent of the fund. 

The Annual Fund permits contributors to make 
an unrestricted gift to the university which is used 
in areas of greatest need, or to select an area of 
the university in which they have a special interest. 
The distribution of gifts among the schools of the 
university follows. 

Percentage of Contributors 

Percentage of Total Contributed 

Friends and Board 
Members 2% 

Faculty and 
staff 7% 


Gifts 2% 

^Friends and Board 
Members 4% 

^^Faculty and 
Staff 8% 


Special Gifts 

Purposes Designated by Con 

tributors to the Annual 



$ 6,186.20 


Academic Division 



Medical College of Virginia 



School of Allied Health 




School of the Arts 



School of Arts and Sciences 



School of Basic Sciences 



School of Business 



School of Community Services 241.00 


School of Dentistry 



School of Education 



School of Medicine 



School of Nursing 



School of Pharmacy 



School of Social Work 



Miscellaneous Purposes 






Those who contributed to the 1973-74 VCU 
Annual Fund are listed on pages 4 through 7. It 
is with sincere appreciation and gratitude that 
the support of these individuals, groups, and 
corporations is acknowledged. 


MissMerTy W. Abbitt 

Mr. Richard H. Abbott 

Dr. Elmer K. Adams 

Dr. James B Adams 

Mrs. Charlotte R. Addington 

Dr. Edward H. Alderman 

Mr. David F. Alexick 

Dr. and Mrs. Robert W. Allen, Jr. 

Mrs. Sandra D. Allen 

Mrs. Nancy M. Alley 

Allied Chemical Foundation 

Miss Alice R. Alrich 

Dr. Peter Alston 

Mr. Richard A. Alston 

American Fund for Dental 

Education, Inc. 
Dr. J. Wilson Ames, Jr. 
Dr. John Andrako 
Mr. Joseph P. Andrews 
Mrs. Dorothy B. Archer 
Mr. Lee B. Armistead 
Mrs. Violet W. Arnold 
Arthur Andersen & Co. Foundation 
Mr. Carl G. Anderson 
Mr. Verlin W. Atkinson 
Atlantic Rural Exposition, Inc. 
Mrs. Hannah R. Aurbach 
Dr. J. Albert Avrack 
Mr. Charles E. Ayers, Jr. 
Mr. Ray M. Ayres 


Mr. William R Babcock 

Mrs. Joan M. Bailey 

Dr. Thomas H. Bain 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas E. Baker 

Dr. and Mrs Charles F. Baldini, Jr 

Mrs. Elaine R. Baldini 

Mr. Richard A. Banks 

Dr. and Mrs Robert F. Barbe 

Mrs. Mary D. Barber 

Mr. Robert J. Barbie 

Mrs. Patricia D. Barden 

Mr. John E. Barnes 

Mr. and Mrs. John H Barnett 

Mr. Harold R. Barr 

Dr. Randall Barre 

Mrs. Sara B Barrios 

Dr. Homer Bartley 

Dr. Robert C. Bass 

Dr. John M Bass 

Miss C. Beverley Bates 

Dr. Huberts. Batten 

Dr. Becker and Associates 

Dr. and Mrs H. Vaughan Belcher 

Miss Nell Bell 

Mrs. Jane W Bendall 

Mrs. Doris M. Berdeen 

Mr. Anthony E. Berlinghoff, Jr. 

Dr. and Mrs. David P. Beverly 

Mr. William O Bevilaqua 

Mrs, Elizabeth P. Bimson 

Dr. William R. Bishop 

Mrs. Wilsie P. Bishop 

Rev. Charles W. Blair, Jr. 

Mr. Cordon Blanchard, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin E. Blanks 

Ms. Lillian D. Blanton 

Dr. Wyndham B. Blanton, Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Blayney 

Mr. George R. Bliley, Jr. 

Mr Otis I. Blocher 

Mr. Francis E. Bloxton 

Miss Gwindolyn Board 

Dr. Charles C. Boardman 

Miss KatherineC. Bobbitt 

Miss Kitty Sue Boddie 

Dr Judith Bond 

Dr. Daniel C. Booker, Jr. 

Mrs. Mary Ellen Mills Booker 

Dr. L. Roy Boone 

Mr. Carrington L. Booth, Jr. 

Ms. Florence M. Booth 

Miss Ellen C. Bosserman 

Dr. Cramer L. Boswell 

Mr. Manuel Bourlos 

Mr. William C. Bourne 

Dr. George R. Bowers 

Dr. Paul E. Bowles 

Mr. James F. Bowman 

Mrs. McEva R. Bowser 

Dr. C. Paul Boyan 

Mr. Michael L. Boykin 

Mr. David B. Bradley 

Miss Evelyn E. Bradley 

Dr. S. Gaylen Bradley 

Miss M. Sharon Brady 

Miss Vivian t. Bragg 

Mrs. Mary W. Brain 

Mrs. Nancy H. Brame 

Mr John C. Brandmahl 

Dr. and Mrs. Warren W. Brandt 

Mrs. Dolores B. Braxton 

Mr. Lorence N. Bredahl 

Mrs. KatherineW. Bredbenner 

Mrs. Ruth R. Brewer 

Dr. Alan V Briceland 

Ms. Mary Hu Bridges 

Dr Frances M. Briggs 

Miss Alice A. Britton 

Mr. Donald S. Broas 

Mr. Joseph L. Brockman 

Miss Mary Ann Brockmeier 

Mr. Nigel Broder 

Dr and Mrs. Francis J. Brooke 

Mr. Gerald B. Brooks 

Mr. and Mrs. H Randall Brooks 

Mr. G. Wayne Brown 

Mr. Lee B. Brown 

Mrs. Martha H. Brown 

Mr Richard E. Brown, Jr. 

Mr Richard T. Brown 

Miss Susan E. Brown 

Mrs. Virginia B. Brown 

Dr. DaleH. Bruce 

Dr. Richard T. Bruce, Jr. 

Dr. Donald L. Brummer 

Col. Donald A. Brunton, Jr. 

Ms. Rebecca R. Bryan 

Mrs. Kathleen M. Bullard 

Dr. Thomas E. Burke 

Mrs. Laura M. Burkholder 

Dr. and Mrs. James C. Burns 

Miss Nancy J. Burns 

Dr. and Mrs. L. Daniel Burtner 

Mrs. Dorothy T. Burton 

Dr. John A. Busciglio 

Mrs. Harriet W. Buss 

Mr. Lawrence A. Bussard 

Mrs. Anne S. Butler 

Mrs. Virginia D. Butler 

Mrs.SueK. Byrd 

Mrs. Elizabeth V. Byrum 


Mr. Lynn W. Camp 

Dr R. D.Campbell 

Mrs. Eliza A. Caperton 

Dr. Charles M. Caravati 

Dr. E. M. Carpenter 

Mrs. Marie S. Carpenter 

Ms. Alice R. Carter 

Mr. J. Hershel Carter 

Mr. John L. Carter, Jr. 

Ms Emily H. Gate 

Mr. James E. Cauley, Jr. 

Mrs, Jennie K. Caulkins 

Miss Susan B. Chain 

Dr. W. Holmes Chapman, Jr. 

Mr. John H. Chaulkin, Jr. 

Mr. E Barry Chewning 

Mr. Milton P. Chick 

Mr. W.Carter Childress 

Mr. Thomas L. Christmas 

Mr. James W. Cieslak 

Mr. and Mrs. Donald D. Cirillo 

Mrs. Andrea R. Clapp 

Dr. El N.Clark 

Dr. Richard F.Clark 

Mr. Herbert J. Clegg 

Dr. Robert W. Clements 

Ms. Panchita Cline 

Dr. Edward N. Coffman 

Miss Margaret M, Coffman 

Miss Minnie L. Cole 

Miss Mary Margaret Coleman 

Dr. Morton Coleman 

Dr Matthew W.Collings 

Mr. William V.Collins 

Mrs. Elizabeth L Coltrain 

Mrs Ruby W. Comford 

Mr. A B. Connelly, III 

Dr. Charlotte B Connors 

Miss Martha B. Conway 

Miss Emily M. Coogan 

Mrs. Jean G. Cook 

Dr. Samuel L. Cooke 

Mrs. Lucille B. Coopersmith 

Mr. Richard L. Cornish 

Mrs. Janet A. Corson 

Mr. Edwin C. Gotten 

Mrs. Jeannette B. Coury 

Mrs. Annie Mae T. Cowardin 

Mr. Gary F. Cowardin 

Mr. Frank B. Cox, Jr. 

Mrs. Judith G.Craddock 

Dr. Clyde L. Crawford 

Mr. Samuel W Crickenberger 

Dr. Kenneth D. Crippen 

Dr. W. D. Crockett 

Mrs. Beauty D. Crummette 

Dr. and Mrs. Gary C. Cupit 


Dr. Martin W. Damsky 

Dr. Daryl C. Dance 

Dr C. Richard Daniel 

Mr. Ronald W. Daniel 

Mr. and Mrs. David W. Davia, 

Mrs. Barbara E. Davis 

Mr. Michael L. Davis 

Mr. Joseph D, DeCaprio 

Mrs. Willie J. Dell 

Mr. Steven R. DeLonga 

Mr RutledgeM. Dennis 

Dr. John A. DiBiaggio 

Mr. Stephen Y. Dickinson 

Mrs. Barbara C. Dix 

Ms. Kathleen K. Dixon 

Capt. and Mrs. Raymond F. 

Mrs. Glenda D Dougherty 
ILt. Patricia S. Dowdy 
Miss Shirley T. Downs 
Miss Shirley A. Dreyer 
Mrs. Rachel M. Drummond 
Mrs. Ann M. Duffer 
Mr. James L. Dunn 
Mr. Kevin Dunne 
Ms. Susanne H. Durling 
Dr. Robert E. Dutton, Jr. 
Mr Douglas M, Dwyer 


Miss Joan E Eanes 

Mr. Clifford C, Earl 

Mrs. Sandra D. Earls 

Dr Roy L. Earp 

Dr Charles A. Easley, Jr. 

Ms. Nina L. Eastman 

Dr. and Mrs. John L. Eby, Jr. 

Dr. G. David Eddleman 

Mr. and Mrs. William O. Edwan 

Dr Gerald Einhorn 

Mrs. Lois F. Einhorn 

Dr. Samuel L. Elfmon 
Dr. Rufus P. Ellett, )r. 
Miss Hazel M. Elliott 
Mrs. Lorraine P. Elliott 
Mr. Robert C. Elliott, 11 
Miss Norine A. Ellwood 
Mr. David C. Elmore 
Mrs. Vivien King Ely 
Miss Elizabeth O. Emory 
Dr. Robert N. Emory 
Dr. Milton Ende 
Dr. Norman Ende 
Mr. William M. Eshbach, Jr. 
Ms. Ida May Esmond 
Mrs. Sarah D. Etkin 
Dr. Blackwell B. Evans 
Mr. William W. Everett 


Miss Joan Fain 

Mr. David R. Faike 

Ms. A. Harriet Falkowitz 

Dr. Nancy H. Fallen 

Mrs. Frances M. Farley 

Dr. Robert J. Faulconer 

Mrs. Bertha P. Faust 

Dr. Andrew M. Fekete 

Ms. Theresa M. Fernandez 

Mr, Gilbert N. Fine 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas M. Fine 

Mrs. Ruth B. Finley 

First Baptist Church Foundation 

Mrs. Mary Lee Fisher 

Mrs. Margaret B. Fitcher 

Dr. H. D. Fitzpatrick 

Dr. Irving E. Pixel 

Dr. Frank S. Flanary 

Mr. Charles P. Fleet 

Mr. Arthur P. Foley 

Mrs. Linda T. Foley 

Miss JoAnn Fore 

Lt. William L. Fountain, Jr. 

Miss Anna Mae Fowler 

Dr. R. H. Fowlkes 

Dr. William J. Frable 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederic D Fraley 

Dr. Gloria M. Francis 

Mr. James T. Francis 

Mr. Robert W. Freeman 

Mrs. Ramona S. Friend 

Mr. William L.Fultz 


Mrs. Dorothy S. Gardner 
Mrs. Bernice F. Garner 
Dr. Charles M. Garrett, Jr. 
Dr. Jack S. Garrison 
Mrs. Susan S. Garter 
Dr. R. Ashton Gay 
Dr. William Gee, Jr. 
Mrs. Ragnit Geeraets 
Mrs. Cheryl Z. Geller 
Mrs. Karen M. Gentry 
Ms. Olive A. George 
Mr. Robert E. George 
Dr. William R. George 
Mrs. Bertha B. Gerteisen 
Dr. Enrique Gerszten 

Miss Hilda Gibbs 

Mrs. Karole F. Gibson 

Mrs. Wendy L. Gibson 

Mr. Mark J. Gill 

Dr. Darrell K. Gilliam 

Miss Susan F. Gilliam 

Ms. Blanche Glenn 

Dr. Clarence K. Glover, Jr. 

Dr. Thomas R. Golden 

Mr. and Mrs. Albert Goldstein 

Maj. Donald S. Good 

Dr. Thomas V. Goode, Jr. 

Miss L. Frances Gordon 

Mrs. Trina M. Gore 

Miss Joan B. Gossage 

Miss Emily Jo Gotich 

Mr. F. D. Gottwald, Jr. 

Dr. Ira Gould 

Miss Frances P. Craffeo 

Mrs. Martha L. Graham 

Dr. and Mrs. Stuart Grandis 

Mr. William A. Cravett 

Ms. Selby M. Gray 

Mr. William W.Gray 

Mrs. Sandra M. Green 

Mrs. Sue Habel Green 

Mr. David W. Greenwood 

Dr. Donald L. Greever 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Gregory 

Mrs. Anne R. Griffin 

Mr. D. Gary Griffin 

Dr. and Mrs. Julius Griffin 

Mr. St. George T. Grinnan 

Mrs. Ruth L. Crizzard 

Mr. Frank I. Gross 

Dr. Robert L. Grossmann 

Mr. Harry B. Grymes 

Miss Grace E. Gulick 

Mr. Ben D. Gunter 

Mr. William T. Guthrow 

Ms. Betty H. Gwaltney 


Miss Rochelle V. Habeck 

Dr. Chester E. Haberlin 

Mrs. Sharon P. Hageman 

Mrs. Alison Hale 

Dr. Byrnal M. Haley 

Mr. David L. Haley 

Mr. Wiley E. Hall III 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard B. Halley, Jr. 

Mr. Howard R. Hammond 

Dr. James L. Hamner 

Mr. John E. Hancock 

Dr. Philip W. Handy 

Mrs. Judith K. Hanshaw 

Mrs. Constace L. Harasymiw 

Dr. Andrew W. Haraway, Jr. 

Dr. Thomas B. Hardman 

Dr. Richard E. Hardy 

Dr. James A. Harrell 

Dr. Harold J Harris 

Dr. and Mrs. Louis S. Harris 

Dr. Robert E. Harris 

Mr. William J. Harris, Jr. 

Mr. Robert B. Harrison, Jr. 

Mr William P. Harrison 

Mr. Earl M. Harvey 

Mrs. Catherine I. Hastings 

Mr. David C. Hastings 

Mrs. Anne D. Hayes 

Dr. B. W. Haynes, Jr. 

Mr. William C. Haynes 

Dr. Charles M. Heartwell, Jr. 

Mr. Charlie B. Heath 

Mrs. Amy B. Hecht 

Mr. Alan B. Heilig 

Mrs. Jane K. Henderson 

Mrs. Madge A. Henderson 

Dr. Joseph L Hendrick 

Mr. Robert E. Henley, Jr. 

Dr. L. Franklin Henry 

Mr. William C. Herbert, Jr. 

Dr. Henry H.Hibbs 

Dr. E. S. Higgins 

Mr. William T. Highberger, Jr. 

Mr. JohnT Hilton 

Ms. Betty J. Hines 

Mr. Charles L. Hite 

Dr. William A. Hobbs, Jr. 

Mr. Raleigh C. Hobson 

Dr. Eric R. Hoffer 

Dr. Thomas F. Hogan 

Ms. Carol Ann Hohman 

Dr. Henry D. Holland 

Lt. and Mrs. Bernhard K. Hollar 

Mr. and Mrs. Douglas R Honnold 

Mrs. Mabel P. Hood 

Mr. Charles F. Hopkins 

Mr. and Mrs. G. Chandler Hopkins 

Mrs. Nellie H. Hopkins 

Miss Louise R. Hoppe 

Mrs. IngeW. Horowitz 

Dr. William H. Hoskins 

Mrs. Phyllis M. Houser 

Mrs. Barbara D. Howard 

Mrs. Jane F. Howard 

Ms. Margaret V. Howison 

Mr. Frederick F. Hughes 

Dr. Julius C. Hulcher 

Dr. Donald W. Hunt 

Mr. and Mrs. David P. Hurdle 

Dr. George S. Hurt 

Mrs. Roberta B. Hurwitz 

Miss Kathryn N. Hutcherson 

Mr. Edward O. Hutcherson, Jr. 

Mr. Henry L. Hutchinson 

Mrs. Betty G. Hutzler 


IBM Corporation 
Dr. Irving J. Imburg 
Miss Jessie Vee Izard 


Mrs. Mayverdis R. Jamison 
Jefferson Pilot Broadasting 
Mr. Kenneth R. Jenkins 
Mr. Jimmie M. Jett 
Mr. B. Johnson 
Dr. F. C. Johnson 
Mrs. Iris W. Johnson 
Dr. Charles E. Johnston 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Johnston 
Dr. Henry C. Johnston 
Dr. Lewis D. Johnston, Jr. 
Miss Linda C. Johnston 
Dr. Russell A. Johnston 
Mrs. Evelyn A. Jonas 
Mr. and Mrs. Barrie L. Jones 

Mr. and Mrs. F. Randolph Jones 

Miss Nova T. Jones 

Miss Sharon Y. Jones 

Dr. Daniel P. Jordan 

Mrs. Pamela W. Jordan 

Miss Ruth I. Jordan 

Mrs. Ann F. Joyce 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter T. Judd 

Junior League of Richmond, VA 


Mrs. Marian S. Kaltreider 

Miss Mary E. Kapp 

Miss Cynia Katsorelos 

Mr. Carl B. Keeling 

Mr. and Mrs. J. Michael Kelleher 

Dr. John J. Kelly, III 

Mr. Richard B. Kemp 

Mrs. Joan G. Kendall 

Miss Karen W. Kenly 

Miss Linda F. Kennedy 

Miss Linda M. Kent 

Ms. Nancy Jo Kercheval 

Mr. E. Jay Kesser 

Dr. Leonard P. Kessler 

Mr. David L. King 

Mrs. Earline N. King 

Dr. Edward L. King 

Mrs. Margaret B, King 

Mr. Thomas R King, Jr. 

Ms. B Elizabeth Kingsley 

Mr. Daniel A. Kirby 

Mrs. Margaret B. Kirk 

Mr. Thomas E. Kirk 

Mr. Byron J. Kirkman 

Mrs. Suzanne H. Klein 

Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth R. Klinger 

Mr. Joseph R. Koons 

Dr. Richard Kornfield 

Dr. Neil D. Kravetz 

Dr. Lawrence Krivit 

Mr Edward R. Kromer 

Miss Janice L. Kytle 


Dr. J. W. Lambdin 

Dr. and Mrs. John D. Lambert 

Dr. L. N. Lampros 

Mrs. Marie M. Land 

Dr. and Mrs. Sydney L. Lang 

Mrs. Karen P Lankford 

Dr. Ulric J. Laquer 

Dr Max D. Largent 

Mrs. Evelyn F. Laupus 

Mrs. Mayme S. Lawrence 

Dr. Walter Lawrence, Jr. 

Mr. Robert H, Leavelle, Jr. 

Mrs. Judith B. Lederer 

Dr Herbert C. Lee 

Dr. Hyung M Lee 

Miss E Elizabeth Leet 

Mr. James C. Lester 

Miss Jean E. Leverich 

Mrs. Sibyl K. Levin 

Dr. Donald G. Levitin 

Dr. Hudnall J. Lewis 

Miss Nancy J. Lewis 

Miss Neva E. Lewis 

Mrs. Diane K. Leyland 

Mr. D. Wayne Light 

Mr and Mrs. David D. Limbrick 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Lindholm 

Dr Otis E. Linkous, Jr. 

Mr David K. Lippiatt 

Mr. Wirtley T. Lipscomb, III 

Mrs Jean K. Loesel 

Dr. Bobby A. Lomax 

Mr Charles J. Long, Jr. 

Dr. Robert E Long 

Mr. M. Thomas Lowe 

Mr and Mrs W. Palmer Lowery 

Mr. Robert W Lowry 

Dr. Ronald E Lowry 

Mr. Melvin V. Lubman 

Mr, Frederick M. Luck 

Dr. Thomas C. Luckam 

Mr, A. C. Lueckert 

Dr. H. J. Lukeman 

Mr. Charles N. Lukhard, Jr. 

Mrs. Mary S. Lund 

Mr. Ronald D. Lyies 

Dr. Harry Lyons 

Dr. Sidney Lyons 


Mrs. Lola A. McArtor 

Mr. Charles E. McCabe, Jr. 

Mr. and Mrs. G B. McCabe 

Mrs. Jo Ann A. McCarter 

Miss Lynn C McCarthy 

Mr. James J. McCoart 

Mr. John M. McCoin 

Dr. Frederick C. McConneli 

Mrs. Patricia Z. McCook 

Mr. Dalton E. McCoy 

Dr. Randolph McCutcheon, Jr. 

ILt. Phyllis R McDonald 

Mr. Charles B. McFee, Jr. 

Mrs Mary W. McFee 

Mrs. Lynda H. McCarry 

Dr. Raymond C. McCehee, Jr. 

Dr. Hunter H. McCuire, Jr. 

Mr. John W. McLean 

Dr. and Mrs. Alan M McLeod 

Dr. Francis H. McMullan 

Mrs. Nita C. McMurry 

Mr. J. David McNeil 

Dr. Donald H. McNeill, Jr. 

Miss Suzanne McWilliams 

Mrs llsaK.McWoid 


Mrs. Shirley A. MacKenzle 

Mr. and Mrs. Wayne A. Maffett 

Dr. B A.Malbon 

Mr. Albert M. Maness 

Mr. James M. Mann 

Mr. John A. Mapp 

Mrs. Barbara L Marchese 

Mr. Alan L. Markowitz 

Dr. John J. Marsella 

Mr. David D. Marshall 

Ms. Edwinna M. Marshall 

Mr. Forrest R. Marshall 

Mr. Charles C. Martin 

Mrs Joyce J. Martin 

Miss Mary F. Martin 

Mr. Roger W. Martin 

Dr. Robert L. Mason 

Dr. and Mrs. Joseph H. Masters 

Dr. J. Lee Mathews, Jr. 

Mr. David R. Mathis 

Ms. Martha E. Matthews 

Mrs. Grace R. Maxey 

Mr. Samuel J. Maxey 

Mr. Edward J. Maynes 

Dr. Stephen J. Mayo 

MCV Alumni Association, 

Nursing Section 
Mr. Philip B. Meggs 
Mrs. Lorraine P. Melworth 
Dr. Frank F. Merker 
Mr. Charles H. Merritt 
Dr. Michael P. Mesaros 
Mr. Kenneth G. Messer, Jr. 
Mr. John R. Metz 
Mr. H.H.Michaels, Jr. 
Dr. Eugene E. Mihalyka 
Mrs. Patricia M. Milbourn 
Mr. C. F.Miller 
Dr. George H. Miller 
Dr. Harold W.Miller, Jr. 
Dr. and Mrs. Larry C. Miller 
Mr. William S, Miller, Jr, 
Dr George W. Miner 
Dr. and Mrs. Paul D Minton 
Dr. Howard C. Mirmelstein 
Mrs. Marion R. Mirmelstein 
Miss Pearl L. Moeller 
Major Jacob T. Moll 
Dr. Stuart Monroe 
Mrs. Katherine M. Montague 
Miss Mabel Montgomery 
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen W. 

Miss Hazel F. Moon 
Mrs. Elizabeth Q. Moore 
Mr. and Mrs. Harvey B. Morgan 
Philip Morris, Inc. 
Miss Theresa M. Morris 
Mr. George F. Mosby 
Mrs. Susan J. Muir 
Mrs. Carter O. Muller 
Dr. David E. Mullins 
Miss Laura A. Murphy 
Mr. E. Lindley Murray 
Dr. and Mrs. Marion j. Murray, Jr. 
Mrs. Florence J. Muse 
Dr. Edward Myers 


Mrs. Betty B. Neal 
Mr. Bennett S. Nelson 
Mr. Robert W. Nelson 
Mr. Lewell P Nemir 
Mrs Margaretta R. Neumann 
Miss Berta M. Newell 
Miss Virginia Newell 
New England Mutual 
Life Insurance Co. 
Dr. Charles L. Newland 
Dr. Stanley Newman 
Miss Martha L. Nicholes 
Dr Daniel G. Noland 
Dr. Thomas W. Nooney, Jr. 
Mr. Bruce E. Nordin 
Mr. David S. Norris 

Dr. Bernard P. Novak 
Mrs. Marcia R. Nunnally 
Nursing Faculty 


Mr. Ronald M Oakley 

Mr. Donroy J. Ober 

Mr. and Mrs Thomas W. O'Brien 

Drand Mrs.William R. O'ConnelUr. 

Mrs. Diana P.Odle 

Dr. and Mrs John S. Oehler 

Mrs. Mary Ann B. Oettinger 

Mr. James F. Ogburn 

Ms. Claudia J. Ogle 

Dr. Edward M.O'Keefe 

Mrs. Frances P. O'Keefe 

Mrs. Marilyn C. Olarsch 

Old Dominion Chapter of Public 

Relations Society of America 
Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth Olshansky 
Dr. Shirley Carter Olsson 
Dr. A. C. Orphanidys 
Mr. and Mrs. John R. Orrock 
Mr. J Troy Osborn 
Mrs. Jane C. Osby 
Mrs . Peggy T. Osnoe 
Dr. Raphael M. Ottenbrite 
Miss Elizabeth Overby 
Mr. C. Carson Overton 
Mrs. Edythe D, Owen 
Dr. Fletcher B. Owen, Jr. 
Dr Maurice E. B. Owens, Jr. 
Dr. Howard Ozmon 


Mr. Patrick H. Padberg 
Mr. Robert N. Page 
Mrs. Janet A. Pak 
Dr. David S, Palmstrom 
Dr Albert Pantalone 
Mr, Austin T. Parker 
DrCarl P. Parker, Jr. 
Dr, Joseph C, Parker, Jr. 
Mr. Lawrence W. Parrish, Jr. 
Dr. Peter N. Pastore 
Dr. Bernard L. Patterson 

Mr. J. Douglas Patterson 

Mrs. Joan N. Patty 

Mrs. Alice S. Paxson 

Miss Linda E. Pearson 

Mrs. Mary C. Peltcs 

Dr, Berkley M, Pemberton 

Mrs. Marilyn S. Pence 

Mrs. Marcia C. Penn 

Dr. and Mrs. Edward C. Peple, Jr. 

Ms. Margery C. Peple 

Dr. E. W. Perkins 

Mrs. Patricia R. Perkinson 

Mrs. Edith R. Peroff 

Mr. and Mrs. Jack A. Peters 

Dr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Peterson 

Mr. John R. Petree 

Ms. Lillian Peyton 

Dr. William H. Pflaumer 

Pharmaceutical Chemistry 

Faculty and Students 
Pharmacy Class of 1974 
Physicians to Women, Inc. 
Mr. Edmond S. Pittman 
Mr. Benjamin L. Poehland 
Polaroid Foundation, Inc. 
Miss Theresa Pollak 
Mr. Richard R. Poole, Jr. 
Mr. Arnold L. Powell 
Dr. Elizabeth S. Powell 
Dr. William B. Powell 
Mrs. Barbara J. Price 
Dr. James D. Price 
Mr. and Mrs. Michael D. Pritchard 
Provident Life and Accident 

insurance Co 
Mr. and MrsO. Ralph 

Puccinelli, Jr. 
Mrs. Elizabeth N. Pulcipher 
Dr. James L. Purcell 
Miss Julia L. Putney 
Mr. Floyd W. Putze, Jr. 
Mr. Edward W. Pyne, Jr. 


Mr. Henry M. Rackowski 
Mrs. Linda S. Racoma 
Mrs. Marie P. Radkevich 




Dr. Harolds. Rafal 
Dr. Frederick Rahal 
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Ramsey 
Mr. George D. Rand, Jr. 
Mr. Raymond A. Ranelli 
Mrs. Betty S. Rapp 
Dr. Irwin Rappaport 
Mrs. Nancy H. Rasmussen 
Mrs. Diane R. Rdissi 
Dr. Frank A. Reda, Jr. 
Dr. Richard C. Reed 
Mr. Emmet K. Reid 
Miss Linda J. Reynolds 
Mrs. Marjorie S. Rice 
Mr. Philip D. Richard 
Mr. Robert L. Richardson 
Richmond Public Relations 

Dr. Paul Richter 
Mrs. Yvette B. Ridley 
Dr. Ralph S. Riffenburgh 
Mr. Thomas W. Rivenbark 
Dr. Lucien W. Roberts 
Mrs. Sue C. Roberts 
Mr. Floyd A. Robertson, Jr. 
Mr. E. Claiborne Robins 
Dr. Richard B. Robins 
Dr. Danny R. Robinson, Sr. 
Mrs. Mildred C. Robinson 
Mrs. Alene R. Rogers 
Dr. Jay E. Rogers, Jr. 
Dr. L. A. Rogers 
Mrs. Ralph Roll 
Mr. Arnold 1. Rome 
Dr. Carl J. Roncaglione 
Dr. Philip A. Rosenfeld 
Miss Elaine O. Rosevear 
Dr. Michael B. Ross 
Mrs. Elaine Rothenberg 
Miss Lonny A. Rotz 
Ms. Eunice Mae Rountree 
Miss Alice E. Rowe 
Ms. Lee Ann Rowe 
Miss Patricia A. Rowell 
Dr. W. E. Roye 
Ms. Jane B. Ruffin 
Mrs. Barbara H. Ruppert 
Dr. John Russell 
Dr. and Mrs. Samuel V. Russo 
Miss Elizabeth K. Ryan 



Mrs. Rita R. Sager 

Mr. Stan J Salasky 

Mr Fred W. Sammons 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Sanderson 

Dr. William C. Sandifer, Jr. 

Dr. Thomas A. Saunders 

Dr. John V. Sawicki 

Dr. A. F. Scafidi 

Dra. Catalina Scarano 

Dr. Jenaro Scarano 

Mrs. Patsy E. Schaefer 

Mrs. Katherine L. Schewel 

Mr. Morris H.Schiff 

Dr. Robert W. Schimpf 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. Schmidt 

Miss Marie Schmidt 

Mrs. Mildred P. Schneider 

Mrs. Charlotte S. Schrieberg 

Dr. Allan Schwartzbaum 

Miss C. Faye Scott 

Dr. Robert B. Scott 

Mr. James L. Seaborn, Jr. 

Dr. Robert H. Sease 

Mrs. Geraldine N. Seeber 

Dr. and Mrs. Hugo R. Seibel 

Dr.OscarW Self, Jr. 

Mr. William G. Sewell, Jr. 

Mr. William C.Shackelford 

Dr. Lee W.Shaffer, Jr. 

Ms. Susan Shaffer 

Mrs. Christina K. Sharp 

Dr. Edward H. Sharp 

Dr. Alton R. Sharpe, Jr. 

Dr. John R. Sharpe 

Mr. William R. Shaver 

Dr. Frederick C. Shaw 

Dr and Mrs. James W. Shearer 

Mrs. Nancy P. Sheerer 

Dr. John P. Shells 

Dr. Martin Sheintoch 

Mr. Frank J. Shelton, Jr. 

Mr. Jack L. Shelton 

Dr. William A. Shelton 

Dr. Earl T. Sherman 

Dr. D. Jessop Shewes 

Miss Jean Frances Shine 

Mrs. Nancy C. Short 

Mrs. Carolyn C. Shreve 
Mrs. Marcia W. Sidford 
Mrs. Bernice M. Simpson 
Mrs. Ellen R. Sims 
Mrs. Loretta W. Sisson 
The Class of 1969, 

Academic Division 
Mr. Robert L. Skiba 
Dr. Leon Slavin 
Dr. and Mrs. ). Doyle Smith 
Dr. Roberts. Smith 
Mrs. Ruth Sharak Smith 
Mr. Thomas A. Smith 
Dr. Thomas G. Smith 
Mr. W. Roy Smith 
Snelling and Snelling, 

Winchester, VA. 
Dr. Joseph F Snyder, Jr. 
Dr. Julius j. Snyder 
Mr. Gregory A. Soloman 
Dr. Robert L. Sommerville 
Mr. Edward B. Southard, Jr. 
Dr. Harry S. Spencer 
Mr. Darrell R. Squires 
Mr. Gerald M.Stahl 
Mrs. Jane M. Staplin 
Mrs. Janice E. Stargell 
Mr. G. Edwin Starr 
Mr. Walter P. St. Clair, Jr. 
Mrs. Annette H. Steck 
Mrs. Alice G. Steele 
Dr. Otto S. Steinreich 
Dr. Joanne Stephan 
Dr. William G. Stephenson 
Dr. William A. Stokes 
Mrs, Elizabeth R. Stone 
Mr. George E. Stone, III 
Ms. Glenna P. Stone 
Mrs. Gaye M. Stout 
Dr. Thomas P. Stratford 
Mr. Samuel B. Straus 
Mr. Joseph T. Strunk 
Stuart Circle Hospital 

Student Nurses 
Mrs. Kathleen O. Stump 
Dr. Ramon M. Suarez, Jr. 
Mrs. Mary S. Sudzina 
Miss Jane E. Sullivan 
Mrs. Elizabeth H. Swank 
Mr. Charles J. Sweat 
Ms. Nellie S. Swensen 
Mr. Bernard W Swift 
Mrs. Lucy H. Sydnor 
Dr. and Mrs. Alfred J. Szumski 


Mrs. Eleanor M. Talcott 

Mr. John C. Taliaferro 

Ms. Helen K. Tallman 

Dr. William B. Tarry, Jr. 

Miss Gladys Tatarsky 

Mr. Charles L. Tate 

Mrs. Jan N. Taylor 

Miss Virginia L. Taylor 

Mrs. Sophia Mae Teel 

Dr. Roy S. Temeles 

Dr. Marvin J. Tenenbaum 

Dr. and Mrs. Donald B Tennant 

Tenneco, Inc. 

Mr. Edward C. Thomas 

Dr. Edwin R. Thomas 

Mrs. Rosemary S Thomasson 

Dr. Daniel E. Thompson 

Miss Shirley J. Thompson 

Dr. W, Taliaferro Thompson, Jr. 

Mrs. Bonnie C. Thornton 

Dr. James Tidier 

Mrs. Sandra E. Tims 

Mrs. V. T. Tingley 

Miss Joanne Tocce 

Mr. Owen R. Toler 

Dr. Elam C. Toone, Jr. 

Mrs. Patricia R Townes 

Dr. Charles J . Townsend 

Dr. Henry L. Townsend 

Dr. George H. Trakas 

Dr. Doris A. Trauner 

Ms. Margaret E Traylor 

Dr. Joe W.Trent 

Dr. Lewis S. Troatler 

Mr. William H. Turpin 

Mr. Ted N. Tussey 

Dr. Gilman R. Tyler 


Mr Terry H. Umphlet 
UVB Foundation 


Mrs. Evva S. Vale 

Dr. H. K. VanDuyne 

Mr. Ralph K. VanLandingham 

Mr. Richard A. Vaughan 

Mrs. Claudia H. Viar 

Ms. M. Ann Vickery 

Mr. Robert C. Vogler 

Mrs. Mary-Lou N. Vronek 

VCU Woman's Club 


Mrs. Bonny G. Wagner 

Dr. H.Charles Walker, Jr. 

Miss Jane A. Walker 

Mr. W. David Walker 

Dr. John G. Wall 

Miss Edna M. Walton 

Mr. Thomas W, Walton 

Mrs. Shirley F. Wampler 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter R. Waraksa 

Mr. RalphM. Ware, Jr. 

Ms. Bernice C. Warner 

Dr. G. Hugh Warren, Jr. 

Mr. Norman P. Wash 

Mrs. Lois M. Washer 

Miss Betty Dortch Washington 

Miss Margaret M. Watlington 

Ms. Sara Kathryn Watts 

Mr. C. Lynn Weakley, Jr. 

Dr. Warren E. Weaver 

Mr. Charles E Webb 

Mr.Guy E.Webb, Jr. 

Mr. R. Brent Webber 

Mr. David A. Weems 

Dr. Harry B. Weiner 

Dr. Tillie L. Weinstein 

Mrs. Shirley S. Weiss 

Dr. Melvin J Wissburg 

Mr. Brian Wells 

Mr. and Mrs John W. Wells 

Mrs. Virginia C. Wessells 

Dr. Elliott E. West, III 

Mr. John R. West 

Mr. Ernest M. Wharton 

Dr. Jock R.Wheeler 

Mrs Beverly D. White 

Mrs. Judith J. White 

Dr. Leta J. White 

Miss Mary A. White 

Dr. Raymond P. White, Jr. 

Dr. Don P. Whited 

Miss Jean C. Whiting 

Dr. F. B. Wiebusch 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert P. Wiedemer 

Mr. J. Cijsbert Wiersma 

Mrs. Helen W. Wiesmann 

Dr Milton Wigod 

Mr. WalterC. Wildman, Jr. 

Dr. Patricial L.Wiley 

Dr. Harold E.Wilkins 

Dr. James W. Wilkinson 

Mrs. Ruthanna R. Wilkinson 

Dr. Earl E. Wilkison 

Dr. H. I. Willett 

Dr. Daniel C. William 

Mr. Jack N.Williams 

Dr. and Mrs. Jeffrey S. Williams 

Mrs. Lucille R. Williams 

Miss Marlene A. Williams 

Mr. Paul D. Williams 

Mr. Richard E.Williams 

Dr. William C. Williamson. Jr. 

Mrs. Elizabeth D.Wilson 

Mrs. Lucee P. Wilson 

Mr. Robert A. Wilson 

Dr. William C.Wilson 

Mr. Richard B Wiltshire, Jr. 

Dr. and Mrs. Charles B. Windle 

Mrs.Otti Y. Windmueller 
Dr. and Mrs. Graham C. 

Dr. F. Quinby Wingfield, Jr. 
Mrs. Avis B. Winfield 
Dr. P. H.Winston 
Dr. Lawrence J. Winters 
Dr. Fred E.Wise, Jr. 
Mrs. Stephanie B. Wishnack 
Mrs. Nancy C.Witt 
Mr. Frank A Woelfl 
Dr. Philip L. Wolgin 
Miss Clara A. Womack 
Miss Deborah S. Wood 
Miss Florence E. Woods 
Dr. Lauren A. Woods 
Mrs. Frances W. Wortham 
Miss Elizabeth L.Wright 
Mr. Joseph E. Wright, Jr. 
Mrs. Willie A. Wright 
Ms. Lola M. Wylam 

The Xerox Fund 
Mrs. Sheila K. Yamamoto 
Mr. Quinton E. Yancey 
Mrs. Joyce R. Yeary 
Dr. Peter S. Yeatras 
Dr. Doris B. Yingling 
Ms. C. Evangeline Yoder 
Dr. Carl B.Young 
Mrs. Joyce R. Young 
Dr. Nelson F. Young 
Mrs. Valerie F. Young 
Dr. Allan S. Zeno 
Mr. L. Brooks Zerkel, Jr. 
Mrs. Isabel R. Zimmerman 
Mr. Jeffrey M. Zwerdling 
Mrs. Marcia F. Zwicker 


The Fund for Judaic Culture was established at 
Virgiriia Commonwealth University in 1973. This 
fund supports a program of visiting scholars in 
various realms of Judaic culture: 

• To encourage and support study and to 
disseminate knowledge of the historic 
development of Judaic culture: philosophy, 
history, law, music, and the arts. 

• To increase understanding among people of all 

races and creeds of the distinctive nature of 
Judaic contributions in all areas of human 
accomplishment and humane concern. 

• To further these aims by bringing to the 
university campus and the larger community 
scholars, artists, and thinkers of distinction in 
the area of Judaic studies. 
Contributions to the VCU Annual Fund for 

Judaic Culture are gratefully acknowledged from 

those listed below. 

Mr. and Mrs, Herman Abady 

Mr. Adrian L Bendheim 

Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Bonds 

Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Brown 

Mr. E. Roy Eichel 

Mr. Ben Freeman 

Mr. and Mrs. Nathan J. Forb 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Caleski 
Dr. and Mrs. A. L. Coldburg 
Dr. and Mrs. M. D. Crandis 
Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Heltzer 
Dr. Samuel P. Kayne 
Mr. and Mrs. Philip W. Klaus 
Mr. and Mrs. Sydney Lewis 
Dr. Harry Lyons 
Dr. Louis Meyer 

Richmond Jewish Community Council 
Mr. and Mrs. R. 1. Schwarzschild 
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Schwarzschild, Jr. 
Mr. and Mrs. Harold P. Straus 
Mr. and Mrs. Morton C. Thalhimer 
Mrs. and Mrs. William B. Thalhimer, Jr. 
Dr. Doris B. Yingling 

The Virginia Commonwealth University Annual Fund 

Alumni Activities Office 

828 West Franklin Street 

Richmond, Virginia 23284 


literal m\$miz n 

Dy. Williimi H. Bun /s pivfei^or ami 
t/w/JWKii of ihe Department of Pharmacy 
a)id Phamaceiitiif. He ^erocf ou the Food 
and Dnii: Admniistnition OTC anal^e-iii 
rei'iciv pajicl and /ik-; loutrihutcd ii thapter 
in the American Pharmaceutical 
Association Handbook on Non- 
Prescription Drugs. He appeared 
before Senator Gaylord Nelson 'i 
eon^^reisional hearingi on OTC drugs in 
197] . He aiso seives as ciunrmaii of the 
dosa\;e form pa)iei ot tlie Ihntcd States 

Dr. Barr received liis Doctor of Pliannacy 
(PluiniiD) and P/i.P. oi piiarmacenticai 
chenustnj trom the Uin-oersit}/ of Califonna 
at San Francisco and was associate professor 
at the State University of Neio Yoric at 
Buffalo prior to joinuig the MCV/VCU 
School of Pharmacy in 1 972. 


distinguishing characteristics. A 
person may be highly susceptible to 
the adxerse effects of ii particular 
drug biit ma\' use another drug in 
the same therapeutic class with 
relati\'e safety. This can be 
appreciated by considering the pain 
relieving products (analgesics) which 
are the most widely used class oi 
OTC drugs. Almost all of the 30 or 
so most commonly used products 
for pain contain one or more of 
only four different drugs. These are 
aspirin, acetaminophen, phenacetin, 
and salicylamide. Sometimes other 
agents, such as caffeine, are added 
but they contribute little if anything 
to the effectiveness of the product. 

High risk groups include the very 
young, particularly infants who may 
receive drugs through ingestion by 
the mother prior to birth or during 

breast feeding. It has been recently 
found that the blood clotting 
mechanism of newborns may be 
temporarily affected by only one or 
two aspirin tablets ingested by the 
mother one week prior to delivery. 
This may lead to internal bleeding 
in some infants, particularly in 
premature births. Phenacetin, a 
common ingredient in analgesic 
mixtures, can cause a different effect 
on the blood system of newborns. 
There is a difference between 
infants and adults in the types of 
hemoglobin, the oxygen carrying 
component, in the red blood cells. 
Infant hemoglobin is very 
susceptible to the effects of 
phenacetin which is reputed to have 
caused deaths in newborn infants 

who have ingested only one or two 

Acetaminophen, a third analgesic 
agent, does not appear to affect the 
blood system of infants seriously 
and is a safer drug if an analgesic is 
necessary during the late stages of 

Some adults are allergic to aspirin. 
These are often individuals who 
develop asthma later in life. For 
some reason, these individuals 
frequently have nasal polyps, that is, 
bulb-like growths in the nose. The 
usual reactions are rash, hives, or an 
asthmatic attack with shortness of 
breath and wheezing. Some 
asthmatics may precipitate asthmatic 
attacks with aspirin without realizing 
it. Persons sensitive to aspirin should 
ne\'er use it. While rare, fatal 
asthmatic attacks have been reported 



Killovving ingestion of one or two 
tablets. Acetaminophen or salicylic 
acid salts (but not acetylsalicylic acid 
which is aspirin) can otten be Liscd 
safely by persons allert;ic to aspirin. 

Persons with ulcers or a tendency 
to gastric bleeding should not use 
aspirin. It may contribLitc to massive 
gastrointestinal bleeding in these 
susceptible individuals. Aspirin 
should not be used by persons 
taking certain prescription drugs. A 
particularly dangerous combination 
is aspirin and prescription 
anticoagulant drugs which may lead 
to serious bleeding problems. 

Use of aspirin with some 
prescription drugs may prevent the 
prescription drug from exerting it'- 
intended therapeutic effect. This may 
occur, for example, with 
combinations of aspirin and some 
drugs used in the treatment of gout 
or water retention. 

Many drugs interfere with 
laboratory tests necessary for the 
diagnosis of certain diseases. For 
example, aspirin does not affect 
thyroid function but may interfere 
with the tests to determine 
abnormal thyroid function and its 
use prior to the test may lead to an 
incorrect diagnosis. 

The above examples might scare a 
reasonable person from e\'er taking 
aspirin. They are not intended to do 
this, for aspirin is undoLibtedly one 
of the most effective and useful 
agents available when used properly. 
However, for those few people who 
are in the high risk category — 
probably less than 5 percent of the 
total population — aspirin should not 
be taken except on the advice and 
care of a physician. 

High risk categories can be cited 
for many other driig classes. Persons 
with hypertension and glaucoma 
must avoiti some types of cough and 
cold preparations. Patients with 
diabetes must be careful with syrups 
and some topical products. 

It is extremely important for the 
consumer to be aware of the 
ingredients in the OTC drugs he 
might use and how these may 
interact with allergies, disease 
conditions, or prescription drugs of 
the potential user. Before using any 
OTC product the consumer should 
make sure that he or she is not in 
one of the high risk groups in which 

use of the product might be 
hazardous. All persons with serious 
diseases shoulc"! read the labels of 
OTC products very carefully before 
using them. These persons should 
ask their physician for a list of OTC 
drugs which they should not use. 
Use of the Pharmacist 

for Advice on OTC Drugs 
It is surprising how infrequently 
people make use of their pharmacist 
who is the most accessible source of 
free, unbiased, and knowledgeable 
advice on the rational selection of 
OTC drugs. Perhaps few people 
realize the extensive training the 
pharmacist has received which 
makes him extremely qualified to 
provide this service. The five year 
pharmacy program, which is the 
minimum in all states, includes an 
extensive background in the 
chemistry and actions of drugs and 
courses in physiology and disease 
states. Many schools such as 
MCV'VCU School of Pharmacy 
offer special courses in OTC drugs. 
In the course at MCV \'CU the 
students work independently in 
study groups to find and develop 
information on OTC drugs which 
will be' useful to them as 

Also, perhaps tew people realize 
that most pharmacists consider 
ad\ice to their patrons on the OTC 
drugs as an extrcmcK' important cin^l 
serious professional responsibility 
and will provide this service at no 
cost to the consumer. Even though 
the pharmacist may seem busy in 
the prescription area, a request to the 
clerk for the advice of the pharmacist 
will usually bring a prompt response. 
Most pharmacies have now initiated 
special patient medication record 
systems which would allow the 
pharmacist to check OTC drug 
purchases against prescription records 
of the family to determine if 
incompatabilities exist. 

Based upon current knowledge 
and the present activities of 
professional and governmental 
groups, the following gLiidelines 
should be useful to the consLimer in 
the rational selection and use of 
OTC drugs. 

Guidelines for Safe and Effective 
Use of OTC Drugs 


Read the label caretullv before 

buying and using any OTC drug. 
Particular attention should be given 
to indications, warnings, cautions, 
and dosage for particular age groups. 
Products which do not list the 
quantities of ingredients cannot be 
evaluated for effectixeness or 
relative cost. 


Consult your pharmacist if you 
are not absolutely clear about the 
relative merit, proper use, or 
labeling of a particular product. A 
pharmacist shoLild be selected who 
is accessible for consLiltation and 
will keep a tamilv medication record 
tor vou. He should ihcck these 
records to assure that the OTC 
product will not interact vvith 
prescription drugs your family is 
currently taking and that 
predisposing allergies or 
susceptibilities do not exist. He 
should enter the OTC product on 
your meciication record so that he 
can check for future 
incompatabilities and prevent 
duplication of products for the same 


Do not use any OTC product 
without supervision of your 
physician if you have serious 
illnesses, are taking prescription 
drugs, or are planning to have 
diagnostic medical tests made in the 
near future. Pregnant and breast 
feeding women should use drugs as 
infrequently as possible and only on 
medical advice. The very young and 
oiti are particularly susceptible to 
overdosing. OTC drugs are usually 
intended for short term or 
occasional use. Prolonged use may 
lead to an increased potential for 
side effects and requires supervision 
of a phvsician. 


All drugs are potentially 
hazardous to children. Safety tops, 
now available on most OTC and 
prescriptic^n drugs, should always be 
replaced. Locked cabinets, placed in 
an area inaccessible to children, are a 
wise investment. «K» 


Full moons and 
higher education 

A Gommnnity 
of interest 

^ -^ ^ 


A drive through the campuses of 
many universities after the evening's 
rush to the student cafeterias has 
dispersed and after the meetings of 
the few active student clubs have 
been dismissed will find only the 
stilled quiet of an institution geared 
primarily to the daylight hours— a 
concert hall between performances, 
a football field in off-season. 

Yet, on VCU's Academic Campus, 
the school "day" begins at night for 
some 5,471 Evening College 

Of this number, 53.1 percent were 
holders of at least one baccalaureate 
degree, thus dispelling the old 
stereotype of the disadvantaged 
evening student. Part-time, yes; 
sometimes indecisive as to what 
academic program to enter, yes; 
older than the "normal" college 
student (27.4 years), yes; 
disadvantaged, no. Whether they 
were college graduates making up 
deficiencies required to enter a 
graduate program, employees of 
business or industry seeking specific 
competencies, or simply individuals 
trying to freshen and renew their 
formal education, the 
students-for-a-night came. 

They came from the area around 
the university's Fan District campus; 
from Richmond's east, west, north, 
and south; from Henrico County; 
from Petersburg, Mechanicsville, and 
Bon Air — a duke's mixture of 
socioeconomic representation from 
the "upper poor" to the "up and 
coming but not there yet" to those 
who had indeed arrived "there." 

So finds Rozanne Garrett Epps, 
assistant dean of the Evening College, 
in her 342-page Co))i)iuiiiihi of l)ikrc^l, 
An Analysis of the Virginiii 
Couimmiwciilth Ihiiverbihi Evmi}!^ 
Colle^;e. Tracing the 
9,808-student-strong college (the 
5,471 evening students plus some 
4,337 students also attending the day 
program) back to its 
integrated beginnings as a part of 
the financially poor Richmond 
Professional Institute, Mrs. Epps 
attributes the night program's 
creation to both "poverty and 
intention." Through such a vehicle, 
RPl admitted adults to this 
"community and comprehensive 

college," gave them the same credits 
earned as full-time students, taught 
them by using both regular and 
ad|unct faculty, and geared class 
schedules to meet the needs of this 
working constituency. 

Even from RPI's first year ( I^lS-l'^) 
there were, in addition to the 12 
full-time students, some 50 auditors 
or "extension" students. A few years 
later, in 1'325, RPl boasted 52 
full-time and 3'33 evening students. 
Even then, a theme of flexibility to 
the public's demand for courses 
(as well as a real and continuing 
concern tor financial solvency) 
flowed through the missionary veins 
of the Evening College. Often upon 
the first class meeting, RPl Director, 
Dr. Henry H. Hibbs, would 
personally conduct registration to 
determine if sufficient tuition money 
was available to justify a particular 
class's existence. Presumably through 
some internal and external marketing, 
most of those classes were held for 
a then-following of the un-young, 
part-time students. Gradually, class 
offerings expanded to attract the 
younger full-timers. 

Today, the configuration of 
influencing factors affecting the 
Evening College of Virginia 
Commonwealth University and its 
ever changing role is clear and clearly 
challenging: competition from 
neighboring institutions, some 
students' fear for personal safety, 
inconvenience of parking, crowded 
classrooms, and proposed voucher 
laws giving aid to students (full-time 
students) rather than direct grants to 
the institution. Yet, in the fall 
semester of 1973, VCU's Evening 
College offered over 750 sections of 
classes to its 9,808 individuals, 
coordinated the efforts of 255 regular 
faculty and 238 adjunct faculty 
members, and coordinated classes in 
which 14,4o3 student seats were 
occupied by a combinationa of day 
and evening student registrants. 

The reaction of 3,083 Evening 
College enrollees (1,546 day students 
and 1,537 night students) to their 
experience was sought by Mrs. Epps 
via a questionnaire administered by 
the class instructors. 

Generally, the evening student, if 
admitted to a degree program, is 


Ova half ()/ ihc tu^hl >Uideul> nhajihi have a 

Fi-onj ih ifiicptioii, 
the Evoii)!^: C(i//(Xi' 'geared 
/7s i/(iss('s to iiiecl the i/ci'i/-- 
('/ ihc HV/iiKX I'Oiiiimimh'. 


thioii^h thi iidiuDii-^hiiluvi of the i,imu\; College 

either in the School of Education 
or Business: if not admitted into a 
program, takes courses in the School 
of Business. The day student, 
however, finds himself more often 
in the School of Arts and Sciences. 
While day students are generally 
between 19 and 21 years of age, the 
night students fall into the 25 to 29 
bracket. Females outnumber males 
in both programs by approximately 5 
percent; the evening student is more 
often married than is the day student. 
Evening students are more apt to be 
Afro-American than are day students. 

The surveyor found that evening 
students have very pragmatic reasons 
for attenciing VCU's Evening College 
and sought to determine their 
interpretation of their experiences 
while there. 

When asked if they were getting 
their money's worth in the Evening 
College, some 86.1 percent indicated 
either agreement or strong 
agreement. Some 75.2 percent 
seemed to witness "enough" personal 
attention from the faculty, while 2.7 
percent had more than they wanted, 
and '3.4 had less. 

The day student taking classes 

in the evening found (77 percent) 
the comparative difficulty of day 
versus night classes to be the same; 
13.8 percent found them harder; 
9.2 percent, easier. 

But the mix of old and young in the 
after-hours classes continues to be, 
in the eyes of the Evening College 
staff, "a good mix," for expressed 
here subjectively is a feeling of 
community between the age groups 
"and perhaps an enhancement of the 
educational experience," Mrs. Epps 
notes. Thus, question 22 of the day 


hi aiUilwn lo the 5,471 
people enrolled in the 
Evnii}i<: College, there ore 
•-oiiie 4,337 ihni -^tiideiit^ 
tiikiiis: ti'/osi'.-- ((/ }n\;hl. 

i If 

If wotkiw,; on a dii;ni pio'i^nm mam/ Evening Colli\i s/i/i/oi/-- nn mrolled in eithei 
the Schoolf of Bii<ine>< or Ediicnhon. 

students' questionnaire offered the 
respondents with an array of possible 
effects of the "college-of-ages." 
Some 34.5 percent of those surveyed 
indicated that this mixing bowl of 
backgrounds and age helped them 
understand the other person's point 
of view, while another 26.2 percent 
found something of the "real world" 
brought into their classrooms. Thus, 
some form of vindication is provided 
the Evening College staff, as well as 
for Dr. Hibbs who encouraged such 
a community composite in 1925. 

Likewise, the "elders" found 
themselves to be in agreement with 
the youngsters (22.5 percent), 
understanding of the younger 
person's point-of-view (17.7 percent), 
and being kept up-to-date (16.2 
percent). In a class-composition- 
preference question, both evening 
and day students joined together in 
tactful reassurance that "the mix" 
was for the best (77.4 and 86.1 
percent, respectively). 

Mrs. Epps believes that, though 
only approximately one-third of the 
Evening College students are 30 

years-of-age or older, the number 
"surely provides a good leaven in 
the classes. The effect on the younger 
student of having a class with fellow 
learners whose greater experience 
has led them to value what they 
are learning luib to be good." 

If both age sectors of the night 
classes are statistically satisfied with 
the vehicle for their higher learning, 
then what thinks that other ingredient 
of a successful educational 
experience, the faculty? 

Of the 255 full-time faculty 


Many afkr-hows itudeiib hidknti 

that ii "iii/'.viHX bowl" of ii\;e< and 

h(hk\<.;roii}id< hii}i\;> lUi elcnioil ot llw 

"real" world into the ila^^rooni. 

Bii-iiic<< leader-,, li(ni^e:cii'e^, iolh\e 

Ihn. all nieel i<: I'tl/'- uliide! al uhixational flexdnlihi. the Eve)iiiix 

teaching within the administrative 
jurisdiction of the Evening College, 
the majority seemed to view the 
college's function as one faculty 
member put it; "I see its (the Evening 
College's) present function as 
administrative planning and control 
with emphasis on facilitation, support, 
and coordination of administrative 
(as opposed to academic) matters. 
It should remain the same." 

The part-time faculty members 
tend to use words and phrases like 
"flexibility," "provision of education 

for working people," "a link to the 
community," and "chance for 
full-time students to interact with 
working people" to describe their 
experience in the after-hours classes. 
In addition, the magnified flexibility 
of scheduling offered the full-time 
student was seen as an asset by most 
faculty members. 

Others commend the Evening 
College for its "breaking down the 
ivory tower educational concept." 
Still others profess to only sketchy 
understanding of a "town-gown" 

If students and faculty generally 
endorse the concept, does it really 
matter then that the night becomes 
day and the moon is the sun? ^5» 



£i,i»i»i/iiy >pt\i:il uliihou ui/i/iui/i-- icon hu tlic VCll Miix<i;im' through the Amcihiiu 
Aliimui Cciimi/'s nalioiidl piiblniitmni uvnpetilioii an; from left: jnmc- L Dunn, dimtoi of 
alwnm ihiivitie^i: Dr. M. Pm^ou NcnI. jr., provosi of ihe \4CV Gimpii^: T. Edwonl Temple, 
viie-pre^ident for development ond unroei^ity rf/iifidiis and Jiairnhui of the univenitu intenm nd- 
mnu-,tr,itwe tommittee: Dr. Frmui^ j. Brooke, provost of the Aeodemie Gmipm: David R. Mathn, 
editor of the VCU Magazine. The competition was sponsored by Time/Life with judging bij editors 
and staff of Time. 


Ccorse B Romuo!! 


George B. Roycroft has accepted the 
position of editor of the VCLl Magazine. 
He will assume his new duties with the 
editing of the February '75 issue. The 
magazine's present editor, David R. 
Mathis, who joined the university staff 
in \^7'[ and began the magazine, has been 
named manager of university publica- 

Roycroft has worked with college level 
publications for six years, winning many 
awards for his accomplishments in 
writing, editing, design, and photog- 
raphy. Among them are first place in 
the 1973 American College Public 
Relations Total Publications Program 
Awards and the 1973 Alumni Council's 
"Publication of Distinction" award, one 
of 25 in the nation. 

A native of Durham, North Carolina, 
Roycroft, 30, earned a B.A. degree in 
English from High Point College, High 
Point, North Carolina, and received ad- 
ditional training in photography at the 
University of North Carolina at Greens- 
boro. He began his career as a news re- 

porter for station WGHP-TV in High 

In l^o8 he became director of informa- 
tion services and publications at Guilford 
College in Greensboro. While there, he 
operated the college news bureau,- edited, 
produced, and coordinated all college 
publications; and established a unified 
graphic image. His publications received 
more than 20 awards for improvement 
and excellence from various organiza- 

Roycroft comes to VCU from the Uni- 
versity of Richmond where as the first 
full-time director of publications he ed- 
ited the quarterly alumni magazine and 
was responsible for the design, produc- 
tion, and coordination of all university 


Research on marijuana has, in recent 
weeks, revealed use of the drug as having 
possible beneficial effects in combating 
cancer, preventing organ transplant 
rejection, treating narcotic addiction, 
and serving as an anti-depressant for can- 
cer patients. 

The active agent in marijuana was seen 
by MCV/VCU pharmacologists as slow- 
ing the growth of a solid lung tumor, a 
mammary tumor, and a virus-induced 
leukemia in mice. Dr. Louis S. Harris, 
chairman of pharmacology, discussed 
the results in a recent edition of Science, a 
journal of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science. 

The same active molecule has demon- 
strated a potential as an immuno- 
suppressive drug of the type used to re- 
duce the body's rejection of transplanted 
organs, reports Dr. Harris. 

According to Newnveek (September 2, 
1974), preliminary research at another 
leading medical center suggested that 
marijuana smoking lowered the body's 
resistance to disease by slowing immune 

iMiiiuitiiiiii, lunc believed iomelliiii); ot k 
iinillil'iiypo^e iiieilhiiie. 

responses. The MCV/VCU pharma- 
cologists began experimenting last March 
as a result of that report with the thought 
that the drug's active ingredient could be 
useful in blocking rejection of trans- 
planted organs. During their work, they 
found it to be an antitumor agent. 

Unlike other drugs currently in use, the 
marijuana agent is non-toxic. 

Dr. Harris said that the discovery is 
significant because it "may open up an 
important new research area of the type 
that occurs very rarely" with implications 
of the discovery being so far reaching 
that years of research may be generated. 

In other findings in the Department of 
Pharmacology, new synthetic com- 
pounds chemically resembling the con- 
stituents of marijuana have been shown 
to have a potential use as therapeutic 
agents in the treatment of narcotic addic- 
tion. According to Dr. William L. Dewey 
and Dr. Harris, many of the 200 experi- 
mental compounds patterned after, but 
distinctly different from, the active agents 
in marijuana are narcotic antagonists, 
a type of drug which has the ability to 


block the action of narcotics. 

They also mentioned that these com- 
pounds have potential use as pain reliev- 
ing and tranquilizing agents. 

Experimentation has been conducted 
over an 18-month period using rats and 
mice in a number of trial techniques. 
The compounds were found to reduce 
the ability of morphine to block pain in 
mice and to reduce the development of 
physical dependence on morphine in rats. 

Dr. Dewey said that even a low dose 
of the synthetic compounds produced a 
long duration of the narcotic antagonist 
effect — up to seven days in mice — a 
characteristic of the drugs which he said 
makes them potentially useful for control 
of human addiction. 

Stemming from research directed by 
Dr. William Regelson. chairman of the 
Department of Medical Oncology, is 
evidence that marijuana's primary agent 
serves as an anti-depressant for cancer 

Dr. Regelson said that the drug helped 
some 54 MCV Hospital cancer patients 
adjust to their disease and in many 
cases changed the mood of the patient 
from despondency and lethargy to one of 
greater emotional stability. "What we're 
seeking to do is relieve the despondency, 
loss of appetite, and nausea which accom- 
panies cancer and alters the patient's 
quality of life due to depression," he said, 
explaining that the usual anti-depressants 
do not work for cancer patients. 

None of the patients receiving treat- 
ment reported experiencing a "high " 
from the use of the drug. According to 
Dr. Regelson, each dose was approxi- 
mately the same as delivered by smoking 
one joint of marijuana. The patients 
received the drug in its pure form by cap- 
sule three times daily. 

He said that some patients experienced 
side effects of dizziness or concern over 
sanity. When that occured and the patient 

still wished to remain under the treat- 
ment, the dosage was reduced by one- 

Those selected for the research were in 
advanced stages of cancer— and were 
undergoing chemotherapy. Thirty-four 
of the original 34 patients finished the 
project, and a few of the patients have 
remained on the therapy for longer than 
six months. 


When officials from Burlington Indus- 
tries Inc. decided to get their New York 
fabric house in order, they turned down 
remodeling designs submitted by New 
York professionals, and instead are now 
incorporating designs proposed by VCU 
interior design students. 

Fifteen teams of sophomore and senior 
interior design students from VCU 
traveled to New York last spring to sur- 
vey Burlington's needs and got a read- 
ing on modern consumer demands. Be- 
fore drawing up their design proposals, 
the students interviewed Burlington sales 
representatives and top officials. 

The resulting designs reflected new 
marketing techniques, not just a new 
look. Instead of preserving the Burlington 
showrooms as large galleries, with bed- 
spreads and draperies lining the walls, 
the VCU students suggested a series of 
showroom modules that would create a 
maze effect. According to Jerry J. Field, 
associate professor of interior design, 
this maze effect will permit the clients 
to view each line of bedspread and 
drapery in sequence, rather than be 
overwhelmed with the task of judging an 
entire showroom of fabrics at one glance. 

"The bedspread showroom was too 
open and uninteresting as it was," student 
Frances Finch told VCU information offi- 
cer Toni Radler. "So, our team chose to 
partition the space to allow only one bed 
to be visible at a time, to create interest 

and mystery as to what is around the next 
corner. We also wanted to create interest 
by changing the floor levels." 

Special custom devices were designed 
by many of the students to give the 
showroom interest and excitement as 
well as practicality. Two students, Patricia 
Gooch McClaugherty of Pembroke and 
Diane James of Petersburg, decided that 
double use of space could be gotten by 
using a revolving floor that would rotate 
another bedroom setting into view. 
Other groups custom-designed easels 
out of plexiglass for the display of drap- 
ery samples and still others designed large 
sample cases on wheels that could be 
rolled into another space for temporary 
showrooms at peak market times. 

The students also chose contemporary 
furnishings rather than traditional fur- 
nishings for the maze modules to increase 
marketing appeal. 

Roger Baugh (interior design 'o^), the 
director of home fashions for Burlington 
Industries Inc., explained the rationale 
in accepting student designs over those 
proposed by professionals, 

"We didn't want just a redecorating 
job," Baugh noted. "And that's what the 
professionals gave us. We really wanted 
a new marketing idea. We wanted de- 
signs that the customers could take back 
to their showrooms, and we wanted de- 
signs that would promote our own sales." 

"We invited the VCU students here 
hoping to get much more innovative 
ideas than those submitted by New York 
designers. Since they were not profes- 
sionals out in the field, we felt that they 
could look at the project with fresh eyes," 
Baugh explained. 

Another VCU teacher involved in the 
project, Mrs. Dorothy M. Hardy (interior 
design, '56, '74), noted that the students 
took an active part in effecting change at 
Burlington. "This was not just a design 
change, but it represented a change in 


sales philosophy. There had been some 
controversy over the contemporary look 
versus the traditional look in sales, and 
VCU students were able to convince 
Burlington that a contemporary innova- 
tive maze design would be a good mar- 
keting technique," she explained. 


Dr. Norborne F. Muir (dentistry 'IS) 
has bequeathed funds in his will to estab- 
lish a named professorship in the MCV/ 
VCU School of Dentistry. 

There is also direction in the will es- 
tablishing two annual lectureships in the 
dentistry school — one to be named the 
Eugenia Fuqua Muir Lecture, as a memor- 
ial to Dr. Muir's mother, and the other 
to be named for Dr. Muir. 

The will provides that after cash be- 
quests of about $100,000 are distributed, 
income from the balance of his $1,7 mil- 
lion estate will be divided equally among 
the MCV Foundation for support of the 
Norborne F. Muir Chair of Orthodontics, 
First Baptist Church of Roanoke, and 
Roanoke College, 

Dr. John A. DiBiaggio, dean of den- 
tistry, expressed the school's appreciation 
and indicated that an occupant for the 
newly created chair would be named in 
the near future, 

Dr, Muir opened his office in Roanoke 
in ]'^19 and continued his orthodontics 
practice until his death (January 13, 
1974) at the age of 82. He served as 
president of the Roanoke, Piedmont, and 
Virginia State Dental Societies, 


VCU hosted some 400 economists 
from the United States, Canada, Latin 
America, and Europe in Richmond dur- 
ing early fall for the Atlantic Economic 

The keynote speaker of the conference 

7/li'i( iiimi' III III Old iiiinilhi- I or the IliII 74 .~i'))li'.-/i), TliIiiI ^tiiiiciit llViuI i^ I 7,410 U'l' ihi ciitiic 
nnivei'sihi with 1 5,OoO on ihc AliuIciiiil Cliiiipii> tiiul 2,?50 oil the MCV Cumpii^. Full '73 
cnivllineiil mi.s J 7,035. 

was Dr. Joseph Spengler, past president of 
the American Economic Association. Dr, 
Spengler took a look at the economist 
versus politician, legist, and bureaucrat. 

During the two day conference, more 
than 100 papers were presented and 
discussed by nationally and internation- 
ally known economists, according to the 
president of the Atlantic Economic So- 
ciety, Dr, John M, Virgo, assistant profes- 
sor of economics at VCU. Topics under 
discussion included the Sunday Blue 
Laws, the energy crisis, macroeconomics, 
statistics, public finance, international 
finance, industrial organization, agricul- 
tural economics, manpower training and 

allocation, business finance, economic 
history, managerial economics, urban and 
regional economics, transportation 
economics, economic theory, economic 
thought, monetary and fiscal theory, 
gasoline and the energy crisis, human 
capital, the economics of education, 
economics of health, and the economics 
of discrimination. 

The first Atlantic Economic Confer- 
ence was organized last year by Dr, Virgo 
in an attempt to bring together econo- 
mists and business professors from the 
Atlantic region. The 1973 Atlantic Eco- 
nomic Conference gave birth to the 
Allnntk Ecomwii Journal which, according 
to Dr. Virgo, has members and sub- 
scribers in ten countries. 



Two major additions to the physical 
plant on the MCV Campus have been 
completed and are now occupied. A cere- 
mony was held in October to open the 
third and final phase of Sanger Hall and 
the addition to Tompkins-McCaw Li- 

The new 12-story wing of Sanger Hall 
contains primarily classroom, laboratory, 
and office space for the Schools of Medi- 
cine and Basic Sciences. This $9.5 million 
addition has made possible increased en- 
rollments at MCV and has increased 
facilities for medical and medical related 

An addition and renovations to Tomp- 
kins-McCaw Library complement the 
expanded enrollments. Floor space was 
increased by 53,544 square feet. More 
volumes can now be acquired. A com- 
puter terminal gives prompt access to a 
widened spectrum of medical literature. 
Total cost of all library improvements 


In the August 1974 edition of this 
magazine, we stated in the article on the 
Psychological Services Center: "In this 
technician program headed by Dr. 
William S. Ray, chairman of the Depart- 
ment of Psychology ..." Well, Dr. Ray i.-; 
chairman of the psychology department, 
but Dr. W. Robert Nay heads the techni- 
cian program. Our apologies. 


Three starters and five lettermen are 
gone from the team that won 1 7 games — 
and concluded play with a 12-game win- 
ning skein — in VCU's initial year of 
major college competition. So what are 
the Ram prospects for '74-75? 

"I'm optimistic about the forthcoming 

season," says head coach Chuck Noe, 
who will be beginning his fifth year as 
Ram mentor. 'True, we've lost some out- 
standing individuals (including All- 
America Jesse Dark and center Bernard 
Harris), and certainly we will miss them. 
But we do have speed, quickness, and 
better than average shooting, plus some 
very fine new talent to join our returning 

While the absence of the 6-10 Harris 
will definitely be felt up front, Jimm 
Bisset, sports information officer, suggests 
that Noe still has experience in forwards 
Richard Jones (captain) and Tom Motley. 
Jones, a senior and a starter since his 
freshman year, should be in for a solid 

campaign after averaging 13 points and 
eight rebounds as a junior. Motley was a 
starter as a sophomore. 

In the backcourt, Reggie Cain returns 
for his final season after being redshirted 
last year. His running mate will probably 
be Keith Highsmith, a transfer from Palm 
Beach Junior College where he was All- 

The fifth starter? It could be sophomore 
Tim Binns, junior Jimmy Jones, sopho- 
more Edd Tatum, sophomore Morris 
Fultz, or any of the newcomers. 

One thing is for sure, however. The 
winning streak should give the Rams 
momentum going into the season opener 
at Iowa. 














Baylor University 




Texas A&M 




Northeastern Louisiana* 


Buffalo University** 


Texas A&M vs. Fairfield 


VCU vs. St. Peter's 





Maryland Easter Shore** 


St. Mary's College* 


Western Illinois University* 





Mercer University** 


Delaware State* 


Elmira College* 


Maryland Eastern Shore 


Mercer University 


Canisius University** 


Detroit University** 

March 3 

Auburn University 

Frankim Street Gvm 

** Richmond Coliseum 




I am not a particularly good letter 
writer. Perhaps that is why I'm getting 
very few answers trom you folks. 

Since I last wrote, plans for the lecture- 
ship have been well under way. Linda 
Pearson (70), chairman of the Lectureship 
Committee, has everything under control 
with Nettie Morris (71) planning the re- 
ception and Angle Davis (71) managing 
the publicity. Of course, Ellen Manson 
('67), first vice-president, has planned an 
alumni luncheon to be held at the Rich- 
mond Academy of Medicine before the 
lectureship. Should be a great day for 
everyone! I'm so glad 1 can be there; hope 
the same for you. 

A cash-bar reception has been planned 
for MCV alumni during the Virginia 
Nurses Association convention. It will be 
held on October 28, 6 to 7 p.m., in the 
south room of the Marriott-Twin Bridges 
Motel. Hope to see a lot of you folks 
there, especially those of you from 
northern Virginia. 

I think I mentioned that Jim Dunn is 
working on the plans for an alumni event 
at the National League of Nursing con- 
vention in New Orleans. When those 
plans are more concrete, I'll let you know. 

A letter from Bob Acuff ('74); he is 
presently "serving time" in San Antonio 
and will soon be sent off to Fort Lewis, 
Washington. Mat will be teaching while 
Bob finishes his duty in the service. 

Mickey "Pat" Tynan Weitson ('70) 
writes that they are in New Orleans. 
Howard ('70) teaches at the local univer- 
sity, and she is tutoring for the state 
board. They have two children and hope 
to return to Virginia soon. 

News has it that Richard Shomo ('73) 
has up and married a young nurse from 
Kilmarnock. We wish you both happi- 

Mary Anne Rea ('72) has married and 
now lives in Washington, D.C. Great 
news, Mary Anne! 

Warren ('73) and Becky (73') C. Clark 
came for a visit recently. Warren con- 
tinues to do very well in his master's 
program at Rutgers University. Becky 
is teaching medical-surgical nursing in 
an associate degree program. Both seem 
so happy that I felt better just seeing them 
(I had the flu for their visit!). 


The School of Social Work alumni 
board held its first open meeting of the 
year September 30, 1974. The program 
centered around service delivery systems. 
The guest speaker was Earl H. Mc- 
Clenney, Jr., associate director of the 
human affairs section of the Division of 
State Planning and Community Affairs. 

Future open meetings are scheduled 
for January and April of 1975. The April 
meeting will be at the annual VCSW 
Conference to be held in Norfolk. 

We need volunteers from the Norfolk 
area to help us plan the program and 
alumni dinner. Anyone interested in 
helping with this please contact Wilda 
Ferguson at 804-649-5559. 

Linda Anne Absher 


Many members of our association met 
recently at the Homestead in Hot Springs, 
Virgina, for the Virginia Hospital 
Association conference. In addition to 
several representatives from the uni- 
versity, Dr. Wyndham B. Blanton, Jr., 
Rector of the Board of Visitors, was 
present. Included in the program was an 
alumni breakfast. 

Plans are under way for the third 
annual Charles P. Cardwell, Jr., Lecture 
which is sponsored by this association 
during the meeting of the Annual 
Congress of the College of Hospital 
Administrators. The Congress meets 
in February in Chicago. 

Officers for the new year include: 
William H. Green, Jr. ('61), president; 
Thomas G. Whedbee ('60), president- 
elect; Lester L. Lamb ('58), secretary; 
and Edward A. Smith ('64), treasurer. 
Immediate past-president is L. Amos 
Tinnell )'66). 

The executive committee is composed 
of the following: Uldis Birzenieks ('70), 
Alan B. Heilig ('66), Bartholomew D. 
Myles ('72), and Charles J. Sweat ('63). 

William H. Green, Jr. 


The Academic Division Alumni Asso- 
ciation has endeavored to continue its 
commitment to serve the university. 
Throughout the summer and fall months 
the association has sought opportunities 
to provide information to individual 
alumni and to develop programs of in- 
terest to those who studied in the six 
schools of VCU's Academic Campus. 

At the same time, we have sought 
opportunities to interact with other asso- 
ciations of those who studied at the uni- 
versity. We believe through a united 
alumni effort, working together, we can 
more effectively serve the university, 
thereby strengthening parts of VCLJ to 
which our associations relate. 

There are many responsibilities alumni 
assume on behalf of the university. Per- 
haps the greatest among these is member- 
ship on the Presidential Search Assistance 
Committee. Alumni are represented on 
that committee by two members. The 
Rector of the Board of Visitors, Dr. 
Wyndham B. Blanton, Jr., appointed Dr. 
O. T. Graham and me to that committee. 
We have met with the Board of Visitors, 
and I applaud their true desire to obtain 
input into this important decision from all 
segments of the university community — 
including alumni. 

An afternoon of meetings has also been 
held with alumni board members discuss- 
ing the university, its divisions, and the 
role of the president's office. All alumni 
associations were represented at that 

Your comments and thoughts are 
always welcome. 

Charles B. McFee, Jr. 

Anna Mae Fowler 




W. Roy Smith (pharmacy '41) has 
been named to the Virginia State Council 
of Higher Education. Smith retired last 
year from the General Assembly after 
serving as Petersburg's delegate for 21 
years. He is vice-president for Product 
Planning and Development at A. H. 
Robins Company of Richmond. 


Harriett M. Stokes (art '42), noted 
impressionist artist and board member of 
the Roanoke Fine Arts Center, was 
featured in the Ro(i)iokc Tidic- art section. 
The resident of Salem, VA., is also a part- 
time teacher in Roanoke elementary 


Ethel K. Moore (art history '45), 
author, art historian, and former art 
teacher, has been named curator of the 
Georgia Museum of Art at the University 
of Georgia in Athens. She is a native of 
Nashville, TN. 


Cordelia Myers (occupational therapy 
'46) is retiring as editor of the -iirn'Mnm 
Jounuil of Oiiiiputioiial Tlicrap}/ after serving 
since 1968. Her home is in Washington, 


Margaret M. Watlington (physical 
therapy '47), of Oklahoma City. 
represented VCU at the inauguration of 
Dr. |. Terry Johnson as president of 
Oklahoma Christian College. 


Robert W. Irwin, Jr. (medicine '48) is 
the newly appointed director of the 
Department of Obstetrics and 
Gynecology at Roanoke Memorial 
Hospitals. Dr. Irwin is also an associate 
professor OB-GYN at the University of 
Virginia medical school. 


L. Ellis Walton, Jr. (business 
administration '50) is employed as a vice- 
president with the EnviroPact Division of 
use Inc., in Falls Church, VA. 


James M. Christian (pharmacy '51) is 
the new owner of the Viaud School near 
downtown Roanoke. A Roanoke 
pharmacist. Dr. Christian will be 
president of the school. 


John A. Murray (medicine '52) has 
been elected mayor of Franklin, VA. 
Murray has been in medical practice in 
Franklin since T55.^. 

William R. Reid (hospital administra- 
tion '52) was guest speaker at a meeting 
of the Lynchburg Rotary Club. Reid is 
administrator of Commimitv Hospital of 
Roanoke Valley. 


Daniel M. Myers (pharmacy '54) has 
been named Pharmacist-of-the-Year for 
1974 by the Virginia Pharmaceutical 
Association. Myers lives in Danville. 


W. Edward Anderson (medicine '55) 
has been named director, clinical 
research, for Knoll Pharmaceutical 
Company of Whippany, NJ. 

Harvey B. Morgan (pharmacy '55) has 
been elected first vice-president and 
president-elect of the Virginia 
Pharmaceutical Association. He practices 
pharmacy with his father and brother in 


Margaret D. Foley (social welfare '57), 
acting director of the Richmond 
Department of Mental Health and 
Mental Retardation since August 1973, 
has been named director. 

Edward H. Peeples, Jr. (health/phys- 
ical education '57) has donated a large 
collection of books, magazines, and 
newspapers to VCU's James Branch 
Cabell Library. He is currently an 
assistant professor of preventive 
medicine (medical sociology) at VCU. 

Ann R. Yankovich (nursing '57) has 
been named as the Williamsburg public 
school system's first health services 


Charles C. Boardman (business 
education '58), associate professor of 
business education, Georgia State 
University, has been appointed associate 
director of the Center for Business and 
Economic Education at that university. 

Brownie E. Polly, Jr. (dentistry '58), 
dentist in Big Stone Gap. VA., has been 
appointed to the Clinch Valley College 
advisory committee. 


Robert G. Sanderson (fashion 
illustration '5'^) has accepted the position 
of creative director of Rich's Richway 
Division in Atlanta. 


Walter M. Hathaway (art education 
'ol), director of the Roanoke Fine Arts 
Center, made his local debut at the Mill 
Mountain Playhouse as he appeared in 
"Promises, Promises". 


David Franklin Osborne (rehabilita- 
tion counseling 'oi) has been advanced to 
the rank of associate professor at Mont- 
gomery College in Rockville, M.D. 


Page H. Allen (retailing 'o2), of 
Asheville, NC, represented VCU at the 
inauguration of Harold Frank Robinson 
as chancellor of Western Carolina 
University on October 2o, 1974. 

Jerry M. Wood (pharmacy 'o2) has 
been elected secretary of the Virginia 
Pharmaceutical Association. Wood prac- 
tices in Warrenton. 


Richard C. Duff (advertising '63) has 
been named assistant principal and 
director of the Bath County Vocational 
Training Center at Bath County (VA.) 
High School 

Marshall E. Murdaugh (drama 'o3) 
commissioner of the Virginia State Travel 
Service, was awarded a U.S. Department 
of Commerce Certificate of Appreciation. 
Murdaugh was cited for outstanding 
contributions to the promotion of the 
VISIT USA program and in the 
development of a closer working 
relationship with the travel industries of 
foreign countries. 


John E. Gehman (medicine '64), who 
had a private practice in Brookneal, VA. 
tor nine years, has started a new practice 
at the Red Bank Clinic in Stuart, Va. 

George R. Sharwell (M.S. social work 
'o4) has been named a member of a panel 
which will review juvenile justice 
standards, a project of the National 
Association of Social Workers. He 
presently is a member of the University 
of South Carolina faculty. 


William C. Jennings (pharmacy 05) is 
one of four pharmacists selected from a 
list of international applicants who is 
studying hospital pharmacy at the MCV 
Hospitals of VCU. In addition, he is 
completing requirements to obtain a 
master's degree in pharmacy. 

Ronald E. Lewis (business 

management '65) has been promoted to 
assistant vice-president of Central 
National Bank, Richmond. 


Ronald C. Taylor (sociology oo), 
formerly director of the office of safety 
and security at Carnegie-Mellon 
University in Pittsburgh, PA., has been 
named director of security at VCU. 

Rudy Shackelford (composition and 
organ 'oo), noted composer and poet, 
recently attended the premiere 
performance of his "String Quartet" at 
Pennsylvania State University. Dr. 
Shackelford's new work highlighted the 

opening concert of the 20th anniversary 
season ot' the Alart4 String Quartet. 


Andrea R. Clapp (retailing '67) was 
elected operations otTicer by the boari"! of 
Llnited Virginia Bank of Charlottesville. 

Charles A. Wilson (rehabilitation 
counseling '67) was guest speaker at a 
meeting of the Danville-Pittsylvania 
County Homebuilders' Association. His 
home is in Martinsville. 


Arthur M. Bailey, Jr. (rehabilitation 
counseling 'd&) has been promoted from a 
counselor to director of admissions for 
the two campuses of ). Sargeant Reynolds 
Community College in Richmond. He has 
been with the college since August l"?,^. 

Richard B. Lakes (pharmacy 'o8) has 
been elected treasurer of the Virginia 
Pharmaceutical Association for 1974-75. 
Lakes, who lives in Charlottesville, is 
currently serving his second term as 
chairman of the public affairs committee 
of the Academy of General Practice 
of Pharmacy of the American Pharma- 
ceutical Association. 

Michael D. Roberts (hospital 
administration '68), of Lexington. KY., 
represented VCU at the inauguration of 
Wayne H. Bell as president of Lexington 
Theological Seminary. 


James W. Duff, Jr. (M.S. business 'o'^) 
has become director of personnel for 
Eastern State Hospital. Duff was assistant 
to the dean of the business administration 
and management department of VCU 
before going to Eastern State. 

Carol R. Foster (secretarial 
admmistration 'o'^), president of the 
American Business Women's 

Association's Lee Chapter, has been 
named Woman-of-fhe-Year by the 
organization. She is currently advertising 
supervisor of the Apparel Equipment 
Division of AMF Incorporated in 

Constance W. Shields (social welfare 
'o9) has received her master of social 
work degree from West Virginia 
University. She is a native of Richmond. 

James B. Taylor (business 
administration '69) has been elected 
credit card officer for the Central 
National Bank in Richmond. He was a 
former teacher at Smithdeal Massey 
Business College before joining the bank 
in 1973. 


Wendell B. Stevens (painting/print- 
making '68, M.F.A. '70) had a one-man 
exhibit of his works at the Barter Theatre 
in Abingdon, VA. Stevens is currently 
instructor in art at Virginia Intermont 
College in Bristol. 

Robert W. Worsham (psychology '70) 
has recencd his Ph.D. degree from 
Rutgers State University of Kingwood. 
N|. Dr. Worsham's home is in Arlington. 


Dandridge B. Allen (dentistry '71) has 
joined the dental practice of his father. 
Dr. D. Blanton Allen (dentistry '^5). in 
Berryville, VA. Allen recently completed 
an overseas assignment in Germany with 
the Army. 

Richard B. Harris (dentistry '71) has 
opened his own office for the general 
practice of dentistry in Virginia Beach. 

Connie L. Kade (social welfare '7 1 ) has 
received her master of social work 
degree from West Virginia University. 
She is from Morgantown, WV. 

Thomas R. King (psychology '71) has 
received the luris Doctor degree from the 
School of Law at Washington and Lee 

Robert W. Klink (medicine '71) has 
been assigned to Clark AFB, Philippines, 
where he will work at the 657th Tactical 
Hospital, a part of the 1st Medical 
Services Wing, Dr. Klink is a nal:ive of 
Vinton, VA. 


Peggy S. Garth (art education '72) has 
photographs on exhibit at the West 
Broadway Gallery in New York. She is a 
member of the Richmond Artists Co-Op 
which was invited to hold an exhibit in 
the West Broadway Gallery while the 
New York group was exhibiting its works 
at the Anderson Gallery at VGLI. 

Stanley H. Garth (sculpture '72) is one 
ot lo members ot the Richmond Artists 
Co-Op who participated in an exhibit in 
the West Broadway Gallery in New 

Susan F. Pierce (advertising '72) has 
become gerontology planner for the 
Central Shenandoah Planning District 
Commission. She resides in Staunton, 

J. Steve Slrosnider (psychology '72) 
has graduated with an M.A. degree in 
clinical psychology from Appalachian 
State University, Boone, NC He 
currently serves as staff psychologist and 
assistant research coordinator at the 
Community Mental Health Center and 
Psychiatric Institute, Norfolk, and as a 
part-time psychologist at the Portsmouth 
Psychiatric Center. 


Michael D. Abbott (communication 
arts/design '73) has been named curator 
of the Southwest Museum in Big Stone 
Gap, VA. 

Roger B. Bianchani, Jr. (sociology '7i) 
is employed as a sociologist with the 
EnviroPact Division of USC, Inc., in Falls 
Church, VA. 

Bonnie Biggs (sculpture '73) is one 
of nine young Virginia Artists whose 
work is being shown in New York's West 
Broadway Gallery. She is a member of 
Richmond Artists Co-Op. 

Leonard I. Drumheller, Jr. (elemen- 
tary education '70, M.Ed, administration 
and supervision '73) has been elected 
president of the Louisa County Education 
Association. Drumheller has been a 
principal in Louisa County (VA.) for 
the past 12 years. 

Albert Leichter (history '73) has been 
named regional program director of the 
Virginia Lung Association — Shenandoah 

David A. Lough (marketing '73) has 
graduated from the Air Force Strategic 
Air Command's combat crew training 
course. Lough, a pilot, is being assigned to 
Rickenbacker AFB, Ohio, for duty with 
the 32nd Air Refueling Squadron. 

Edna E. Reaves (painting/printmaking 
'"3) was one of nine young Virginia 
artists who exhibited their works at the 
West Broadway Gallery in New York. 
She is a member of the Richmond Artists 
Co-Op, a group of VCU graduates who 
are making a living from their art. 

George L. Weidig (medicine '73) is 
doing his residency training at the 
Blackstone Family Practice Center. He is a 
native of Winchester. VA. 


Robert B. Carter (M.Ed, administra- 
tion and supervision '74) is assistant prin- 
cipal at loueft lunior High School in 

Daniel D. Dunham (M.S.W. '74) has 
joined the firm of Alternatives, Inc. of 
Middletown. OH. as a director. 

Charles W. Murphy (business 
administration '74) has been appointed 
account executive with Merrill Lynch, 
Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated in 
Columbia, SC. 

Vina L. Schatz (distributive education 
'74) has become an occupational director 
for York High School in Yorktown, VA. 

Leonard J. Varmelte (M.H.A. '74) is 
the new health resources planner for the 
West Piedmont Planning District 
Commission, Rocky Mount, VA. 






By Dr. Henry H. Hibbs 

An ideal Christinas gif"t or 
remembrance tor any occasion, this 
1 75-page book was written by the 
first administrator of Richmond 
Professional Institute and traces RPI 
from its beginning in 1917 to its 
consolidation in ^9oS with the 
Medical College of Virginia forming 
Virginia Commonwealth University. 
Distributed exclusively by the VCU 
Alumni Activities Office. 

VCU Alumni Activities Office 
828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond, Virginia 23284 









Number of books desired 


Checks payable to Virginia Commonwealth University 

state zip 

Amount enclosed ($12.50) 


January 19-26,1975 



Join other VCU alumni on a deluxe 
trip to Honolulu, a paradise of islands 
and vacation to enhance your ability 
to relax and enjoy life. Included in the 

Round trip jet transportation to 
Honolulu. (Meals and beverages 
served aloft.) 

Traditional Hawaiian Flower Lei 
Greeting on arrival. 

Deluxe accommodations at the 
beautiful ILIKAI Hotel 

Dinner six evenings 

Sightseeing Tour of Honolulu and 
Mount Tantalus by deluxe 

All gratuities for bellboys and 

All round trip transfers and 
luggage handling from airport to the 

Experienced escort and hotel 
hcispitality desk. 
Optional Tours Available: 

Island of Oahu 

Pearl Harbor Cruise 

Little Circle Island'Sea Life 
Park Tour 

Oriental Arts and Ulu Mau Village 

Kodak Hula Show/Paradise Park 

Circle Island/Polynesian 

Cultural Center 

Evening with Zulu 

Twilight Dinner Cruise 

Night Club Dinner Tour 

Dulles departure. For additional 
information, contact the VCU 
Alumni Activities Office. 

Dear Ram Booster: 

Yes, the start of another exciting 
Ram basketball season is just a few 
weeks away. While Coach Chuck 
Noe, his staff and team are busy 
preparing for the campaign, we hope 
you, too, are making preparations to 
see the Running Rams in action. 

This year VCU has a very 
attractive 14-home game schedule, 
including seven contests in the 
Richmond Coliseum. Such teams as 
as Detroit, Centenary, Canisius 
and Mercer, to name a few, will 
be making visits to the arena. Also, 
the coliseum will be the site of the 
first annual Lions-VCU Holiday 

We know you won't want to miss 
the action. So for your convenience, 
a season ticket package featuring 
two plans has been prepared: 
Plan A — 14 home games — $24 
(Does not include the 
December 29-30 
Holiday Classic.) 
Plan B — 7 home games in the 

Richmond Coliseum — 
$14 (Does not include 
the Holiday Qassic or 
other homes games.) 
We hope one of the above plans 
will accommodate your needs. For 
further information and also to place 
your season ticket orders — please 
contact the athletic department. 
Our mailing address is 901 West 
Franklin Street, Richmond, 
Virginia, 23284. Our telephone 
numbers are (804) 770-6773, 6774, 
and 7865. We look forward to seeing 

Sportingly yours, 

Jimm Bisset 
Sports Information Director 





Alumni Activities. Office of Development 
828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond. Virginia 23284 

Nonprofit Organization 

Permit No. 869 


Address Correction Requested